Exploiting direct current plasma electrolytic oxidation to boost photoelectrocatalysis

Silvia Franz, Hamed Arab, Andrea Lucotti, Chiara Castiglioni, Antonello Vicenzo, Federico Morini, Massimiliano Bestetti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, we report an investigation of the photoelectrochemical activity of TiO2 films formed by DC plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) at a variable potential in a sulfuric acid electrolyte at 0 and 25C. The surface morphology was mainly determined by the oxide-forming potential. X-Ray Diffraction and Raman analyses showed that the relative amount of the anatase and rutile phases varied from 100% anatase at low potential (110–130 V) to 100% rutile at high potential (180–200 V), while mixed-phase oxide films formed at intermediate potential. Correspondingly, the band gap of the TiO2 films decreased from about 3.20 eV (pure anatase) to 2.94 eV (pure rutile) and was red-shifted about 0.1 eV by reducing the electrolyte temperature from 25C to 0C. Glow-Discharge Optical Emission Spectroscopy (GD-OES) and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) analyses evidenced S-containing species located preferentially close to the TiO2/Ti interface. The photoelectrochemical activity was assessed by measuring the incident photon-to-current efficiency (IPCE) under Ultraviolet C (UV-C) irradiation, which showed a non-gaussian normal trend as a function of the PEO cell potential, with maximum values exceeding 80%. Photoelectrocatalytic activity was assessed by decolorization of model solutions containing methylene blue. Photoanodes having higher IPCE values showed faster decolorization kinetics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number325
JournalCatalysts
Volume10
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020

Keywords

  • Anatase
  • Photoelectrocatalysis
  • Plasma electrolytic oxidation
  • Rutile
  • TiO
  • Titanium dioxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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  • Cite this

    Franz, S., Arab, H., Lucotti, A., Castiglioni, C., Vicenzo, A., Morini, F., & Bestetti, M. (2020). Exploiting direct current plasma electrolytic oxidation to boost photoelectrocatalysis. Catalysts, 10(3), [325]. https://doi.org/10.3390/catal10030325