Experimental study of positron production from crystal targets by 0.6-1.0 GeV electrons

S. Anami, M. Yu Andreyashkin, A. Enomoto, T. Fujita, K. Furukawa, R. Hamatsu, T. Kamitani, M. Inoue, H. Kojima, A. Masuyama, T. Miyakawa, H. Nakagawa, Y. Ogawa, S. Ohsawa, H. Okuno, A. P. Potylitsin, K. Takashima, K. Umemori, I. E. Vnukov, K. Yoshida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

In the framework of R&D on high-intensity positron sources for linear accelerators, we have studied a possibility of using tungsten (W) single crystal as a target in the 1 GeV electron energy region. Positron production efficiencies are measured for W crystal targets with different thicknesses (0.11, 0.34 and 0.63X0) and for combinations of a single crystal and an amorphous plate (1.5X0 in total thickness). When the 〈111〉 axis of the W crystal (0.34X0 thick) is aligned with the electron beam direction, positron yields are enhanced by 1.6-2.3 times compared to the non-aligned case at 0.6-1.0 GeV. In order to study the possible mechanism of the positron-yield enhancement in the aligned crystal, we have also measured the photon spectra. The obtained results are compared with simulations based on the coherent bremsstrahlung (CB) process. The rocking curve, the electron-energy dependence and the target-thickness dependence of the positron yields are explained predominantly by the CB process followed by the electromagnetic shower in this energy region.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459-475
Number of pages17
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Volume183
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2001

Fingerprint

Positrons
positrons
Crystals
Electrons
crystals
electrons
bremsstrahlung
Single crystals
electron energy
target thickness
Linear accelerators
single crystals
linear accelerators
showers
Tungsten
Electron beams
tungsten
Photons
electron beams
electromagnetism

Keywords

  • Positron source
  • Tungsten crystal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

Experimental study of positron production from crystal targets by 0.6-1.0 GeV electrons. / Anami, S.; Andreyashkin, M. Yu; Enomoto, A.; Fujita, T.; Furukawa, K.; Hamatsu, R.; Kamitani, T.; Inoue, M.; Kojima, H.; Masuyama, A.; Miyakawa, T.; Nakagawa, H.; Ogawa, Y.; Ohsawa, S.; Okuno, H.; Potylitsin, A. P.; Takashima, K.; Umemori, K.; Vnukov, I. E.; Yoshida, K.

In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 183, No. 3-4, 01.10.2001, p. 459-475.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Anami, S, Andreyashkin, MY, Enomoto, A, Fujita, T, Furukawa, K, Hamatsu, R, Kamitani, T, Inoue, M, Kojima, H, Masuyama, A, Miyakawa, T, Nakagawa, H, Ogawa, Y, Ohsawa, S, Okuno, H, Potylitsin, AP, Takashima, K, Umemori, K, Vnukov, IE & Yoshida, K 2001, 'Experimental study of positron production from crystal targets by 0.6-1.0 GeV electrons', Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, vol. 183, no. 3-4, pp. 459-475. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-583X(01)00687-5
Anami, S. ; Andreyashkin, M. Yu ; Enomoto, A. ; Fujita, T. ; Furukawa, K. ; Hamatsu, R. ; Kamitani, T. ; Inoue, M. ; Kojima, H. ; Masuyama, A. ; Miyakawa, T. ; Nakagawa, H. ; Ogawa, Y. ; Ohsawa, S. ; Okuno, H. ; Potylitsin, A. P. ; Takashima, K. ; Umemori, K. ; Vnukov, I. E. ; Yoshida, K. / Experimental study of positron production from crystal targets by 0.6-1.0 GeV electrons. In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms. 2001 ; Vol. 183, No. 3-4. pp. 459-475.
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T1 - Experimental study of positron production from crystal targets by 0.6-1.0 GeV electrons

AU - Anami, S.

AU - Andreyashkin, M. Yu

AU - Enomoto, A.

AU - Fujita, T.

AU - Furukawa, K.

AU - Hamatsu, R.

AU - Kamitani, T.

AU - Inoue, M.

AU - Kojima, H.

AU - Masuyama, A.

AU - Miyakawa, T.

AU - Nakagawa, H.

AU - Ogawa, Y.

AU - Ohsawa, S.

AU - Okuno, H.

AU - Potylitsin, A. P.

AU - Takashima, K.

AU - Umemori, K.

AU - Vnukov, I. E.

AU - Yoshida, K.

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N2 - In the framework of R&D on high-intensity positron sources for linear accelerators, we have studied a possibility of using tungsten (W) single crystal as a target in the 1 GeV electron energy region. Positron production efficiencies are measured for W crystal targets with different thicknesses (0.11, 0.34 and 0.63X0) and for combinations of a single crystal and an amorphous plate (1.5X0 in total thickness). When the 〈111〉 axis of the W crystal (0.34X0 thick) is aligned with the electron beam direction, positron yields are enhanced by 1.6-2.3 times compared to the non-aligned case at 0.6-1.0 GeV. In order to study the possible mechanism of the positron-yield enhancement in the aligned crystal, we have also measured the photon spectra. The obtained results are compared with simulations based on the coherent bremsstrahlung (CB) process. The rocking curve, the electron-energy dependence and the target-thickness dependence of the positron yields are explained predominantly by the CB process followed by the electromagnetic shower in this energy region.

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