Experimental study of positron production from a W single crystal by the KEK 8-GeV electron linac beam

H. Okuno, S. Anami, A. Enomoto, K. Furukawa, K. Kakihara, T. Kamitani, Y. Ogawa, A. Ohsawa, T. Oogoe, T. Suwada, R. Hamatsu, K. Sasahara, T. Fujita, K. Umemori, K. Yoshida, V. Ababiy, A. P. Potylitsin, I. E. Vnukov

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have measured the positron production efficiency from tungsten single-crystal targets using an 8 GeV electron beam. A single-bunch beam with a bunch width of 10 ps, a repetition rate of 2 Hz, and an intensity of 0.2 nC/bunch was incident on a target mounted on a precision goniometer. Positrons produced in the forward direction were detected by a magnetic spectrometer in the 10-20 MeV/c momentum range. Systematic data on the target-thickness dependence and the momentum distribution of the produced positrons were obtained for crystal targets. The results show that, when the crystal axis 〈111〉 is aligned to the electron beam direction, the positron yield increases compared to the amorphous case by factors of 6.5, 3.4 and 2.3 at 10 MeV/c for 2.2, 5.3 and 9.0 mm thick crystals, respectively. We observed that the positron yield from the 9.0 mm thick crystal is larger than the maximum yield attainable with 18-20 mm thick amorphous targets at 8 GeV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-265
Number of pages7
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Volume201
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2003
EventRREPS 2001 - Lake Aya, Russian Federation
Duration: 1 Sep 20011 Sep 2001

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Positrons
Electron beams
positrons
Single crystals
electron beams
single crystals
Crystals
crystals
Momentum
momentum
Goniometers
target thickness
goniometers
Tungsten
Spectrometers
repetition
tungsten
spectrometers

Keywords

  • Channeling radiation
  • Coherent bremsstrahlung
  • Electron linear accelerator
  • Positron source
  • Tungsten crystal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

Experimental study of positron production from a W single crystal by the KEK 8-GeV electron linac beam. / Okuno, H.; Anami, S.; Enomoto, A.; Furukawa, K.; Kakihara, K.; Kamitani, T.; Ogawa, Y.; Ohsawa, A.; Oogoe, T.; Suwada, T.; Hamatsu, R.; Sasahara, K.; Fujita, T.; Umemori, K.; Yoshida, K.; Ababiy, V.; Potylitsin, A. P.; Vnukov, I. E.

In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 201, No. 1, 01.01.2003, p. 259-265.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Okuno, H, Anami, S, Enomoto, A, Furukawa, K, Kakihara, K, Kamitani, T, Ogawa, Y, Ohsawa, A, Oogoe, T, Suwada, T, Hamatsu, R, Sasahara, K, Fujita, T, Umemori, K, Yoshida, K, Ababiy, V, Potylitsin, AP & Vnukov, IE 2003, 'Experimental study of positron production from a W single crystal by the KEK 8-GeV electron linac beam', Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, vol. 201, no. 1, pp. 259-265. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0168-583X(02)01138-2
Okuno, H. ; Anami, S. ; Enomoto, A. ; Furukawa, K. ; Kakihara, K. ; Kamitani, T. ; Ogawa, Y. ; Ohsawa, A. ; Oogoe, T. ; Suwada, T. ; Hamatsu, R. ; Sasahara, K. ; Fujita, T. ; Umemori, K. ; Yoshida, K. ; Ababiy, V. ; Potylitsin, A. P. ; Vnukov, I. E. / Experimental study of positron production from a W single crystal by the KEK 8-GeV electron linac beam. In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms. 2003 ; Vol. 201, No. 1. pp. 259-265.
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abstract = "We have measured the positron production efficiency from tungsten single-crystal targets using an 8 GeV electron beam. A single-bunch beam with a bunch width of 10 ps, a repetition rate of 2 Hz, and an intensity of 0.2 nC/bunch was incident on a target mounted on a precision goniometer. Positrons produced in the forward direction were detected by a magnetic spectrometer in the 10-20 MeV/c momentum range. Systematic data on the target-thickness dependence and the momentum distribution of the produced positrons were obtained for crystal targets. The results show that, when the crystal axis 〈111〉 is aligned to the electron beam direction, the positron yield increases compared to the amorphous case by factors of 6.5, 3.4 and 2.3 at 10 MeV/c for 2.2, 5.3 and 9.0 mm thick crystals, respectively. We observed that the positron yield from the 9.0 mm thick crystal is larger than the maximum yield attainable with 18-20 mm thick amorphous targets at 8 GeV.",
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T1 - Experimental study of positron production from a W single crystal by the KEK 8-GeV electron linac beam

AU - Okuno, H.

AU - Anami, S.

AU - Enomoto, A.

AU - Furukawa, K.

AU - Kakihara, K.

AU - Kamitani, T.

AU - Ogawa, Y.

AU - Ohsawa, A.

AU - Oogoe, T.

AU - Suwada, T.

AU - Hamatsu, R.

AU - Sasahara, K.

AU - Fujita, T.

AU - Umemori, K.

AU - Yoshida, K.

AU - Ababiy, V.

AU - Potylitsin, A. P.

AU - Vnukov, I. E.

PY - 2003/1/1

Y1 - 2003/1/1

N2 - We have measured the positron production efficiency from tungsten single-crystal targets using an 8 GeV electron beam. A single-bunch beam with a bunch width of 10 ps, a repetition rate of 2 Hz, and an intensity of 0.2 nC/bunch was incident on a target mounted on a precision goniometer. Positrons produced in the forward direction were detected by a magnetic spectrometer in the 10-20 MeV/c momentum range. Systematic data on the target-thickness dependence and the momentum distribution of the produced positrons were obtained for crystal targets. The results show that, when the crystal axis 〈111〉 is aligned to the electron beam direction, the positron yield increases compared to the amorphous case by factors of 6.5, 3.4 and 2.3 at 10 MeV/c for 2.2, 5.3 and 9.0 mm thick crystals, respectively. We observed that the positron yield from the 9.0 mm thick crystal is larger than the maximum yield attainable with 18-20 mm thick amorphous targets at 8 GeV.

AB - We have measured the positron production efficiency from tungsten single-crystal targets using an 8 GeV electron beam. A single-bunch beam with a bunch width of 10 ps, a repetition rate of 2 Hz, and an intensity of 0.2 nC/bunch was incident on a target mounted on a precision goniometer. Positrons produced in the forward direction were detected by a magnetic spectrometer in the 10-20 MeV/c momentum range. Systematic data on the target-thickness dependence and the momentum distribution of the produced positrons were obtained for crystal targets. The results show that, when the crystal axis 〈111〉 is aligned to the electron beam direction, the positron yield increases compared to the amorphous case by factors of 6.5, 3.4 and 2.3 at 10 MeV/c for 2.2, 5.3 and 9.0 mm thick crystals, respectively. We observed that the positron yield from the 9.0 mm thick crystal is larger than the maximum yield attainable with 18-20 mm thick amorphous targets at 8 GeV.

KW - Channeling radiation

KW - Coherent bremsstrahlung

KW - Electron linear accelerator

KW - Positron source

KW - Tungsten crystal

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