Experimental equipment to simulate fire impact on surface soil layer in forests

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

Forest fires have an impact on forest stands, atmosphere and soils in forested areas. Many authors have established that the thermal effect on the near-surface layer of soil can have a negative impact both on the soil itself and the further development of grass stands and forest stands. It is necessary to develop systems for geoinformation monitoring, taking into account the thermophysical processes in the soil layer at the level of mathematical models. It is necessary to conduct experiments to verify such models. Experimental equipment is proposed in this paper to physically simulate heat transfer processes in a layer of model soil under the influence of relatively high temperature. It is considered the source of which is an inert heater. A set of thermocouples is installed in the soil layer at different depths of the soil layer. Typical curves are presented showing the temperature depend on time at different depths of the soil layer. The results of preliminary analysis are presented. Heater temperature is approximated using one-phase exponential decay function with time constant parameter. Considered equipment can be modified to use gas burner or model forest fuel ignition to simulate forest fire impact on soil layer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-196
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference Surveying Geology and Mining Ecology Management, SGEM
Volume18
Issue number3.2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018
Event18th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference, SGEM 2018 - Albena, Bulgaria
Duration: 2 Jul 20188 Jul 2018

Fingerprint

Fires
Soils
forest fire
soil
temperature effect
heat transfer
surface layer
Gas burners
temperature
soil layer
grass
atmosphere
Thermocouples
monitoring
Thermal effects
Temperature
Ignition
gas
Mathematical models
experiment

Keywords

  • Experimental equipment
  • Heat transfer
  • High temperature
  • Soil
  • Thermocouple

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Geology

Cite this

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title = "Experimental equipment to simulate fire impact on surface soil layer in forests",
abstract = "Forest fires have an impact on forest stands, atmosphere and soils in forested areas. Many authors have established that the thermal effect on the near-surface layer of soil can have a negative impact both on the soil itself and the further development of grass stands and forest stands. It is necessary to develop systems for geoinformation monitoring, taking into account the thermophysical processes in the soil layer at the level of mathematical models. It is necessary to conduct experiments to verify such models. Experimental equipment is proposed in this paper to physically simulate heat transfer processes in a layer of model soil under the influence of relatively high temperature. It is considered the source of which is an inert heater. A set of thermocouples is installed in the soil layer at different depths of the soil layer. Typical curves are presented showing the temperature depend on time at different depths of the soil layer. The results of preliminary analysis are presented. Heater temperature is approximated using one-phase exponential decay function with time constant parameter. Considered equipment can be modified to use gas burner or model forest fuel ignition to simulate forest fire impact on soil layer.",
keywords = "Experimental equipment, Heat transfer, High temperature, Soil, Thermocouple",
author = "Nikolay Baranovskiy and Alexandr Razva and Vyacheslav Maksimov and Alexandr Bazarov",
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AU - Baranovskiy, Nikolay

AU - Razva, Alexandr

AU - Maksimov, Vyacheslav

AU - Bazarov, Alexandr

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Forest fires have an impact on forest stands, atmosphere and soils in forested areas. Many authors have established that the thermal effect on the near-surface layer of soil can have a negative impact both on the soil itself and the further development of grass stands and forest stands. It is necessary to develop systems for geoinformation monitoring, taking into account the thermophysical processes in the soil layer at the level of mathematical models. It is necessary to conduct experiments to verify such models. Experimental equipment is proposed in this paper to physically simulate heat transfer processes in a layer of model soil under the influence of relatively high temperature. It is considered the source of which is an inert heater. A set of thermocouples is installed in the soil layer at different depths of the soil layer. Typical curves are presented showing the temperature depend on time at different depths of the soil layer. The results of preliminary analysis are presented. Heater temperature is approximated using one-phase exponential decay function with time constant parameter. Considered equipment can be modified to use gas burner or model forest fuel ignition to simulate forest fire impact on soil layer.

AB - Forest fires have an impact on forest stands, atmosphere and soils in forested areas. Many authors have established that the thermal effect on the near-surface layer of soil can have a negative impact both on the soil itself and the further development of grass stands and forest stands. It is necessary to develop systems for geoinformation monitoring, taking into account the thermophysical processes in the soil layer at the level of mathematical models. It is necessary to conduct experiments to verify such models. Experimental equipment is proposed in this paper to physically simulate heat transfer processes in a layer of model soil under the influence of relatively high temperature. It is considered the source of which is an inert heater. A set of thermocouples is installed in the soil layer at different depths of the soil layer. Typical curves are presented showing the temperature depend on time at different depths of the soil layer. The results of preliminary analysis are presented. Heater temperature is approximated using one-phase exponential decay function with time constant parameter. Considered equipment can be modified to use gas burner or model forest fuel ignition to simulate forest fire impact on soil layer.

KW - Experimental equipment

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KW - Soil

KW - Thermocouple

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