Experimental and numerical study of coal dust ignition by a hot particle

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15 Citations (Scopus)


This work studies the ignition of a layer of brown coal dust by hot metal particles experimentally and numerically. The experiments establish the limits of the flaming ignition of gas and ignition delay times when the parameters of solid fuel and metal particles varied in a wide range. The particle size of coal ranged from 0.1 to 1 mm; the shapes of the metal particles were sphere, disk, and cube; their initial temperature varied between 1000 and 1400 K. A mathematical model was developed for describing the processes involved in heat and mass transfer as well as chemical reactions around the local heat source. The results of the numerical simulation are in good agreement with the experimental data: boundaries of the flaming ignition of coal; coal ignition delay times; three modes of flaming ignition of coal with the ignition zone of volatiles located in the vicinity of the hot particle. The mathematical model is good at predicting the ignition conditions during interaction between a hot metal particle and a layer of coal dust. The model can also be used for developing the promising technology of steam boiler start-up by highly reactive coal instead of flammable liquid combustion. Another application is the development of fire prevention guidelines for tightening fire safety management at productions deal with coal mining, transportation, storage, processing, and combustion. Finally, the paper includes the analysis of limitations for the practical use of the predictive mathematical model in thermal power engineering and fire safety management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)774-784
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 25 Mar 2018


  • Hot particle
  • Ignition
  • Layer of coal dust
  • Mathematical model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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