Estimation of energy consumption for drying of forest combustible materials during their preparation for incineration in the furnaces of steam and hot water boilers

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Abstract

The article presents the results of the experimental studies of the processes of heat and mass transfer during the period of thermal preparation of woody biomass for incineration in the furnaces of steam and hot water boilers, made to estimate the energy consumption for its drying. The experiments have been carried out on the equipment, providing a fairly low level of measurement error of the main characteristics of the process of dehydration of forest combustible fuel (FCF) (ambient temperature T g , sample mass of the material under investigation m i ). Mass moisture absorption rates have been established at various temperatures of the drying agent–air (T g = 333 ÷ 393 K). It is shown that the total drying time τ d (under identical conditions) does not depend practically on the type of biomass (the values τ d of different FCF can be differed by no more than 8%). According to the results of the experimental studies, the analysis of energy consumption for the process of moisture removal from forest combustible materials has been carried out. It has been established that with the initial moisture content of forest combustible materials from 50% to 70%, the consumption of heat for complete moisture removal is from 10% to 13% of the calorific value of these materials. With increasing ambient temperature, the coefficient of beneficial use of the heat of combustion of the FCF increases.

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Incineration
Boilers
Drying
Furnaces
Steam
Moisture
Energy utilization
Biomass
Calorific value
Measurement errors
Dehydration
Temperature
Mass transfer
Heat transfer
Hot Temperature
Experiments

Keywords

  • Biomass
  • drying
  • energy consumption
  • forest waste
  • heat and mass transfer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

@article{a50ef1f4fd7d4dfaa1c63e3eafc3a52e,
title = "Estimation of energy consumption for drying of forest combustible materials during their preparation for incineration in the furnaces of steam and hot water boilers",
abstract = "The article presents the results of the experimental studies of the processes of heat and mass transfer during the period of thermal preparation of woody biomass for incineration in the furnaces of steam and hot water boilers, made to estimate the energy consumption for its drying. The experiments have been carried out on the equipment, providing a fairly low level of measurement error of the main characteristics of the process of dehydration of forest combustible fuel (FCF) (ambient temperature T g , sample mass of the material under investigation m i ). Mass moisture absorption rates have been established at various temperatures of the drying agent–air (T g = 333 ÷ 393 K). It is shown that the total drying time τ d (under identical conditions) does not depend practically on the type of biomass (the values τ d of different FCF can be differed by no more than 8{\%}). According to the results of the experimental studies, the analysis of energy consumption for the process of moisture removal from forest combustible materials has been carried out. It has been established that with the initial moisture content of forest combustible materials from 50{\%} to 70{\%}, the consumption of heat for complete moisture removal is from 10{\%} to 13{\%} of the calorific value of these materials. With increasing ambient temperature, the coefficient of beneficial use of the heat of combustion of the FCF increases.",
keywords = "Biomass, drying, energy consumption, forest waste, heat and mass transfer",
author = "Nigay, {N. A.} and Kuznetsov, {G. V.} and Syrodoy, {S. V.} and Gutareva, {N. Y.}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/15567036.2019.1604910",
language = "English",
journal = "Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization and Environmental Effects",
issn = "1556-7036",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Estimation of energy consumption for drying of forest combustible materials during their preparation for incineration in the furnaces of steam and hot water boilers

AU - Nigay, N. A.

AU - Kuznetsov, G. V.

AU - Syrodoy, S. V.

AU - Gutareva, N. Y.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - The article presents the results of the experimental studies of the processes of heat and mass transfer during the period of thermal preparation of woody biomass for incineration in the furnaces of steam and hot water boilers, made to estimate the energy consumption for its drying. The experiments have been carried out on the equipment, providing a fairly low level of measurement error of the main characteristics of the process of dehydration of forest combustible fuel (FCF) (ambient temperature T g , sample mass of the material under investigation m i ). Mass moisture absorption rates have been established at various temperatures of the drying agent–air (T g = 333 ÷ 393 K). It is shown that the total drying time τ d (under identical conditions) does not depend practically on the type of biomass (the values τ d of different FCF can be differed by no more than 8%). According to the results of the experimental studies, the analysis of energy consumption for the process of moisture removal from forest combustible materials has been carried out. It has been established that with the initial moisture content of forest combustible materials from 50% to 70%, the consumption of heat for complete moisture removal is from 10% to 13% of the calorific value of these materials. With increasing ambient temperature, the coefficient of beneficial use of the heat of combustion of the FCF increases.

AB - The article presents the results of the experimental studies of the processes of heat and mass transfer during the period of thermal preparation of woody biomass for incineration in the furnaces of steam and hot water boilers, made to estimate the energy consumption for its drying. The experiments have been carried out on the equipment, providing a fairly low level of measurement error of the main characteristics of the process of dehydration of forest combustible fuel (FCF) (ambient temperature T g , sample mass of the material under investigation m i ). Mass moisture absorption rates have been established at various temperatures of the drying agent–air (T g = 333 ÷ 393 K). It is shown that the total drying time τ d (under identical conditions) does not depend practically on the type of biomass (the values τ d of different FCF can be differed by no more than 8%). According to the results of the experimental studies, the analysis of energy consumption for the process of moisture removal from forest combustible materials has been carried out. It has been established that with the initial moisture content of forest combustible materials from 50% to 70%, the consumption of heat for complete moisture removal is from 10% to 13% of the calorific value of these materials. With increasing ambient temperature, the coefficient of beneficial use of the heat of combustion of the FCF increases.

KW - Biomass

KW - drying

KW - energy consumption

KW - forest waste

KW - heat and mass transfer

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JO - Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization and Environmental Effects

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