Environmentally and economically efficient utilization of coal processing waste

Margarita A. Dmitrienko, Pavel A. Strizhak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High concentrations of hazardous anthropogenic emissions (sulfur, nitrogen and carbon oxides) from solid fuel combustion in coal burning plants cause environmental problems that have been especially pressing over the last 20–30 years. A promising solution to these problems is a switch from conventional pulverized coal combustion to coal-water slurry fuel. In this paper, we pay special attention to the environmental indicators characterizing the combustion of different coal ranks (gas, flame, coking, low-caking, and nonbaking coals) and coal-water slurry fuels based on the coal processing waste – filter cakes. There have been no consistent data so far on the acceptable intervals for the anthropogenic emissions of sulfur (SOx), nitrogen (NOx) and carbon (CO, CO2) oxides. Using a specialized combustion chamber and gas analyzing system, we have measured the concentrations of typical coal and filter-cake-based CWS combustion products. We have also calculated the typical combustion heat of the fuels under study and measured the ratio between environmental and energy attributes. The research findings show that the use of filter cakes in the form of CWS is even better than coals in terms of environment and economy. Wide utilization of filter cakes solves many environmental problems: the areas of contaminated sites shrink, anthropogenic emissions decrease, and there is no need to develop new coal mines anymore.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-27
Number of pages7
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume598
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2017

Keywords

  • Anthropogenic emissions
  • Coal processing waste
  • Coal-water slurry
  • Combustion
  • Environmental indicators
  • Filter cakes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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