Energy efficiency of movable and immobile constructions of solar panels

Gross Karlis Agris, Petr Y. Krauinsh, Dmitry P. Krauinsh, Maria S. Kukhta, Alexander P. Sokolov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The relevance of the research. Solar energy, as an alternative renewable energy resource, is currently developing at a rapid pace. In this connection, the specificity of including solar energy in the areas of Western Siberia as an additional environmentally friendly energy resource requires additional studies. Relevance is caused as well by the need to create effective models of solar energy reception that would meet the requirements of technical aesthetics and provide a high level of visual comfort. The aim of the researches is to estimate the features of different constructions of solar panels and their energy efficiency in Tomsk. Objectives: To assess the specific climatic, synoptic, geographical, meteorological conditions of Tomsk; consider the types of solar panels (fixed and moving) and their design in an architectural environment; to calculate the dynamics of variations in the power of solar panels during seasonal fluctuations in Tomsk; propose and scientifically justify the rational placement of solar panels on an architectural spherical dome. The object of the research is solar panels. Subject of the research is the energy efficiency of solar panels of various constructions for power supply of residential complexes in Tomsk. Methods: Method of parallel design of mechatronic systems, comparative method, methods of engineering sciences, modeling method. Results. The proposed topology of distribution of solar panels on a spherical architectural dome is proposed taking into account climatic, synoptic, geographical, meteorological conditions in Tomsk. The authors have carried out the comparative analysis of movable and immobile constructions of solar panels and revealed the features of their location in architectural environment. A calculation scheme is presented for determining actual insolation factor in Tomsk. The authors worked out the recommendations on the use of solar panels and determined the limits of their applicability taking into account the minimum and maximum number of sunny days in the investigated region. The novelty of the results is presented in theoretical generalizations in the field of designing solar panels, which allow increasing energy efficiency for a movable solar panel using equatorial mounting and for immobile solar panel using rational placement of solar panels on the surface of the spherical dome of the building.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)113-122
Number of pages10
JournalBulletin of the Tomsk Polytechnic University, Geo Assets Engineering
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018


  • Actual insolation factor
  • Photovoltaics
  • Solar energy
  • Solar panel (photovoltaic panel)
  • Spherical architectural dome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Economic Geology
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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