Energetic and ecological effect of small amount of metalline powders used for doping waste-derived fuels

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The synthesis of an effective composite fuel from industrial wastes almost always requires mixing several components with different properties. Features of certain components can effectively compensate for the limitations of others, eventually improving the fuel as whole. We propose the optimization of the waste-derived coal-water slurry (CWS) by doping it with a small amount (2–5 wt%) of non-hydrocarbon dopants (metal-bearing powders with aluminium, iron, copper and chalk). It allows the stabilization of the combustion temperature (or even its increase), while keeping the ignition delays at the reasonable level (∼ 2 s at 1000 K). Doping the CWS by 2–5 wt% of chalk powder allows a radical decrease in the production of harmful exhausts (up to an order of magnitude regarding the SO2 and 2–5 times regarding NOx). A strong ecological effect was observed when the fuel is doped by iron powder, too. Therefore, the usage of non-organic dopants is a very promising way to prepare environmentally friendly fuel compositions with high power efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-343
Number of pages9
JournalCombustion and Flame
Volume193
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018

Fingerprint

Powders
Doping (additives)
chalk
Coal
Calcium Carbonate
coal
Powder metal products
industrial wastes
combustion temperature
Industrial Waste
iron
Iron powder
Water
Industrial wastes
power efficiency
Aluminum
water
ignition
Ignition
Copper

Keywords

  • Coal-water slurry
  • Combustion
  • Ecological effect
  • Metal powder
  • Thermal impact
  • Waste-derived fuel

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

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title = "Energetic and ecological effect of small amount of metalline powders used for doping waste-derived fuels",
abstract = "The synthesis of an effective composite fuel from industrial wastes almost always requires mixing several components with different properties. Features of certain components can effectively compensate for the limitations of others, eventually improving the fuel as whole. We propose the optimization of the waste-derived coal-water slurry (CWS) by doping it with a small amount (2–5 wt{\%}) of non-hydrocarbon dopants (metal-bearing powders with aluminium, iron, copper and chalk). It allows the stabilization of the combustion temperature (or even its increase), while keeping the ignition delays at the reasonable level (∼ 2 s at 1000 K). Doping the CWS by 2–5 wt{\%} of chalk powder allows a radical decrease in the production of harmful exhausts (up to an order of magnitude regarding the SO2 and 2–5 times regarding NOx). A strong ecological effect was observed when the fuel is doped by iron powder, too. Therefore, the usage of non-organic dopants is a very promising way to prepare environmentally friendly fuel compositions with high power efficiency.",
keywords = "Coal-water slurry, Combustion, Ecological effect, Metal powder, Thermal impact, Waste-derived fuel",
author = "Egorov, {Roman I.} and Valiullin, {Timur R.} and Strizhak, {Pavel A.}",
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T1 - Energetic and ecological effect of small amount of metalline powders used for doping waste-derived fuels

AU - Egorov, Roman I.

AU - Valiullin, Timur R.

AU - Strizhak, Pavel A.

PY - 2018/7/1

Y1 - 2018/7/1

N2 - The synthesis of an effective composite fuel from industrial wastes almost always requires mixing several components with different properties. Features of certain components can effectively compensate for the limitations of others, eventually improving the fuel as whole. We propose the optimization of the waste-derived coal-water slurry (CWS) by doping it with a small amount (2–5 wt%) of non-hydrocarbon dopants (metal-bearing powders with aluminium, iron, copper and chalk). It allows the stabilization of the combustion temperature (or even its increase), while keeping the ignition delays at the reasonable level (∼ 2 s at 1000 K). Doping the CWS by 2–5 wt% of chalk powder allows a radical decrease in the production of harmful exhausts (up to an order of magnitude regarding the SO2 and 2–5 times regarding NOx). A strong ecological effect was observed when the fuel is doped by iron powder, too. Therefore, the usage of non-organic dopants is a very promising way to prepare environmentally friendly fuel compositions with high power efficiency.

AB - The synthesis of an effective composite fuel from industrial wastes almost always requires mixing several components with different properties. Features of certain components can effectively compensate for the limitations of others, eventually improving the fuel as whole. We propose the optimization of the waste-derived coal-water slurry (CWS) by doping it with a small amount (2–5 wt%) of non-hydrocarbon dopants (metal-bearing powders with aluminium, iron, copper and chalk). It allows the stabilization of the combustion temperature (or even its increase), while keeping the ignition delays at the reasonable level (∼ 2 s at 1000 K). Doping the CWS by 2–5 wt% of chalk powder allows a radical decrease in the production of harmful exhausts (up to an order of magnitude regarding the SO2 and 2–5 times regarding NOx). A strong ecological effect was observed when the fuel is doped by iron powder, too. Therefore, the usage of non-organic dopants is a very promising way to prepare environmentally friendly fuel compositions with high power efficiency.

KW - Coal-water slurry

KW - Combustion

KW - Ecological effect

KW - Metal powder

KW - Thermal impact

KW - Waste-derived fuel

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