Electromechanical Properties of Robocasted Barium Titanate Ceramics

Mylena Lorenz, Alexander Martin, Kyle G. Webber, Nahum Travitzky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This work presents the fabrication of dense polycrystalline barium titanate (BaTiO3, BT) for electromechanical transduction using robocasting and cold isostatic pressing (CIP). The use of CIP as post-treatment is proposed to eliminate defects and increase the density of robocasted parts to improve the piezoelectric performance. For robocasting, pastes containing 50 and 52 vol% are developed; the resulting green robocasted parts are CIPed at 100 and 150 MPa. Using this proposed technique, samples robocasted with BT52 and CIPed at 150 MPa display a relative density of ≈98%, comparable with reference polycrystalline samples. In addition, an increase in both the piezoelectric charge and voltage coefficient is observed in robocasted parts, with the values up to 195 pC/N and 12 × 10−3 Vm N−1, respectively. These values, which are comparable with previous studies of polycrystalline BT, indicate that the combined robocasting and CIP technique is a possible method for producing 3D printed piezoelectric sensors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2000325
JournalAdvanced Engineering Materials
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020


  • 3D printing
  • cold isostatic pressing
  • electromechanical transducer
  • piezoelectric coefficient
  • robocasting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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