Electrofacies analysis for coal lithotype profiling based on high-resolution wireline log data

A. Roslin, J. S. Esterle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The traditional approach to coal lithotype analysis is based on a visual characterisation of coal in core, mine or outcrop exposures. As not all wells are fully cored, the petroleum and coal mining industries increasingly use geophysical wireline logs for lithology interpretation.This study demonstrates a method for interpreting coal lithotypes from geophysical wireline logs, and in particular discriminating between bright or banded, and dull coal at similar densities to a decimetre level. The study explores the optimum combination of geophysical log suites for training the coal electrofacies interpretation, using neural network conception, and then propagating the results to wells with fewer wireline data. This approach is objective and has a recordable reproducibility and rule set.In addition to conventional gamma ray and density logs, laterolog resistivity, microresistivity and PEF data were used in the study. Array resistivity data from a compact micro imager (CMI tool) were processed into a single microresistivity curve and integrated with the conventional resistivity data in the cluster analysis. Microresistivity data were tested in the analysis to test the hypothesis that the improved vertical resolution of microresistivity curve can enhance the accuracy of the clustering analysis. The addition of PEF log allowed discrimination between low density bright to banded coal electrofacies and low density inertinite-rich dull electrofacies.The results of clustering analysis were validated statistically and the results of the electrofacies results were compared to manually derived coal lithotype logs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalComputers and Geosciences
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Artificial networks
  • Coal lithotype
  • Electrofacies analysis
  • Reservoir characterisation
  • Wireline logs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems
  • Computers in Earth Sciences

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