Electrochemical investigations of reactive dyes; polarographic determination of anthraquinone-based chlorotriazine dyes

M. Valnice B. Zanoni, Arnold G. Fogg, Jiri Barek, Jiri Zima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Direct current and differential pulse polarographic and cyclic voltammetric studies of Procion blue MX-R (PB) and Cibacron blue 3GA (CB) and methods for the determination of PB and CB are reported. For both dyes reduction peaks are observed for the two-electron reversible reduction of the anthraquinone moiety, followed by one (CB) and two (PB) reduction processes associated with the reduction of the mono- and dichlorotriazine groups, respectively. These latter processes appear to involve the reductive elimination of the chlorine atoms: only the anthraquinone reduction process is observed when the dyes are hydrolysed. In alkaline solution the reduction processes are complicated by adsorption and kinetic effects. For this reason determination of the dyes is best carried out in acidic solution, but determination is also possible in alkaline solution, which would be more convenient for monitoring the dyes during dyeing and other nucleophilic reactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-54
Number of pages14
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
Volume315
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Oct 1995
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Anthraquinones
dye
Coloring Agents
Chlorine
Adsorption
Electrons
Dyeing
chlorine
Dyes
adsorption
electron
kinetics
Atoms
Kinetics
Monitoring
monitoring

Keywords

  • Anthraquinone
  • Chlorotriazines
  • Hydrolysis
  • Polarography
  • Reactive dyes
  • Voltammetry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy

Cite this

Electrochemical investigations of reactive dyes; polarographic determination of anthraquinone-based chlorotriazine dyes. / Zanoni, M. Valnice B.; Fogg, Arnold G.; Barek, Jiri; Zima, Jiri.

In: Analytica Chimica Acta, Vol. 315, No. 1-2, 30.10.1995, p. 41-54.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Direct current and differential pulse polarographic and cyclic voltammetric studies of Procion blue MX-R (PB) and Cibacron blue 3GA (CB) and methods for the determination of PB and CB are reported. For both dyes reduction peaks are observed for the two-electron reversible reduction of the anthraquinone moiety, followed by one (CB) and two (PB) reduction processes associated with the reduction of the mono- and dichlorotriazine groups, respectively. These latter processes appear to involve the reductive elimination of the chlorine atoms: only the anthraquinone reduction process is observed when the dyes are hydrolysed. In alkaline solution the reduction processes are complicated by adsorption and kinetic effects. For this reason determination of the dyes is best carried out in acidic solution, but determination is also possible in alkaline solution, which would be more convenient for monitoring the dyes during dyeing and other nucleophilic reactions.

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