Effets de l'immersion en eau tempérée, en eau froide et de l'immersion contrastée sur le calibre des veines des membres inférieurs

Translated title of the contribution: Effects of thermoneutral water, cold-water and contrasting water temperature immersions on lower limb vein cross-section

S. Beliard, A. Menetrier, G. Ravier, M. Rakobowchuk, L. Mourot, N. Tordi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objectives Immersion is often used within the framework of post-exercise recovery. Vascular effects connected to immersion are not all understood. In this study we examined the changes in common femoral vein and great saphenous vein cross-section during thermoneutral, cold, and contrasting (cold followed by hot) water immersion. Methods Ten professional handball players visited the laboratory on three occasions. At each visit, they completed a 20-minutes procedure in an upright position: 4-minutes in air (baseline) and then 16-minutes of lower limbs thermoneutral (∼35 °C), cold (∼12 °C) or contrasting (2:2 minutes [∼12 °C to ∼35 °C] ratio) water temperature immersion, in a random order. Common femoral vein and great saphenous vein cross-sections were evaluated using echo Doppler at baseline and at the end of the 16 minute immersion period under each condition. Results Common femoral vein cross-section was significantly increased after 16 minutes of immersion after each condition (+20.6% with thermoneutral, +14% with contrast and +7% with cold-water immersion, main effect for time P < 0.05). At the great saphenous vein, there was a significant enlargement (+13%, P < 0.05) with thermoneutral water immersion, no difference (+1.4%, P > 0.05) during contrasting water temperature immersion and a significant decrease (−19%, P < 0.05) after 16 minutes of cold-water immersion. Conclusion Hydrostatic pressure, which is the same in the three immersion conditions, leads to an increase of the common femoral vein (deep venous system) cross-section no matter the water temperature. Conversely, the changes in great saphenous vein cross-section (superficial venous system) appear related to water temperature variations. This is probably related to thermoregulation mechanisms, which induce modifications in skin blood flow.

Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)e53-e60
JournalScience and Sports
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017
Externally publishedYes



  • Femoral vein
  • Hydrostatic pressure
  • Hydrotherapy
  • Recovery
  • Saphenous vein
  • Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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