Effects of neuroglobin overexpression on acute brain injury and long-term outcomes after focal cerebral ischemia

Xiaoying Wang, Jianxiang Liu, Haihao Zhu, Emiri Tejima, Kiyoshi Tsuji, Yoshihiro Murata, Dmitriy N. Atochin, Paul L. Huang, Chenggang Zhang, Eng H. Lo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

120 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Emerging data suggest that neuroglobin (Ngb) may protect against hypoxic/ischemic neuronal insults. However, the underlying mechanisms in vivo and implications for long-term outcomes are still not well understood. METHODS: Using our newly created Ngb overexpressing transgenic (Ngb-Tg) mice, we measured brain infarction on day 1 and day 14 after transient focal cerebral ischemia and performed neurobehavioral assessments in sensorimotor deficits on days 1, 3, 7, and 14. To test the hypothesis that Ngb may play a role in reducing oxidative stress after stroke, intracellular malondialdehyde levels were measured and compared in Ngb-Tg and wild-type mice. RESULTS: Increased Ngb mRNA and protein levels were identified in Ngb-Tg brains. Malondialdehyde levels in ischemic hemispheres of Ngb-Tg were significantly reduced compared with wild-type controls at 8 hours and 22 hours after transient focal cerebral ischemia. Compared with wild-type controls, brain infarction volumes 1 day and 14 days after transient focal cerebral ischemia were significantly reduced in Ngb-Tg mice. However, there were no significant improvements in sensorimotor deficits for up to 14 days after stroke in Ngb-Tg mice compared with wild-type controls. CONCLUSIONS: Ngb reduces tissue infarction and markers of oxidative stress after stroke. Tissue protection by overexpressing Ngb can be sustained for up to 2 weeks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1869-1874
Number of pages6
JournalStroke
Volume39
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Brain Ischemia
Brain Injuries
Transient Ischemic Attack
Brain Infarction
Stroke
Malondialdehyde
Oxidative Stress
neuroglobin
Infarction
Transgenic Mice
Messenger RNA

Keywords

  • Neuroglobin
  • Nuroprotection
  • Oxidative stress
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Advanced and Specialised Nursing
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Effects of neuroglobin overexpression on acute brain injury and long-term outcomes after focal cerebral ischemia. / Wang, Xiaoying; Liu, Jianxiang; Zhu, Haihao; Tejima, Emiri; Tsuji, Kiyoshi; Murata, Yoshihiro; Atochin, Dmitriy N.; Huang, Paul L.; Zhang, Chenggang; Lo, Eng H.

In: Stroke, Vol. 39, No. 6, 01.06.2008, p. 1869-1874.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wang, X, Liu, J, Zhu, H, Tejima, E, Tsuji, K, Murata, Y, Atochin, DN, Huang, PL, Zhang, C & Lo, EH 2008, 'Effects of neuroglobin overexpression on acute brain injury and long-term outcomes after focal cerebral ischemia', Stroke, vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 1869-1874. https://doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.107.506022
Wang, Xiaoying ; Liu, Jianxiang ; Zhu, Haihao ; Tejima, Emiri ; Tsuji, Kiyoshi ; Murata, Yoshihiro ; Atochin, Dmitriy N. ; Huang, Paul L. ; Zhang, Chenggang ; Lo, Eng H. / Effects of neuroglobin overexpression on acute brain injury and long-term outcomes after focal cerebral ischemia. In: Stroke. 2008 ; Vol. 39, No. 6. pp. 1869-1874.
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