An isothermal model of the cathode part of a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell is considered with allowance for capillary forces. Numerical and analytical solutions show that the capillary forces have a fundamental effect on the voltage-current characteristic because of an abrupt increase in the diffusion loss of oxygen through a thin liquid film emerging in nonwettable pores of the cathode in comparison with the ordinary diffusion in gas channels. The results obtained agree well with known experimental data.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)