Effect of surface alloying by silicon on the corrosion resistance and biocompatibility of the binary NiTi

S. G. Psakhie, S. N. Meisner, A. I. Lotkov, L. L. Meisner, A. V. Tverdokhlebova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents the study on changes in element and phase compositions in the near-surface layer and on surface topography of the NiTi specimens after the silicon ion-beam treatment. The effect of these parameters of the near-surface layer on corrosion properties in biochemical solutions and biocompatibility with mesenchymal stem cells of rat marrow is studied. Ion-beam surface modification of the specimens was performed by a DIANA-3 implanter (Tomsk, Russia), using single-ion-beam pulses under oil-free pumping and high vacuum (10-4 Pa) conditions in a high-dose ion implantation regime. The fluence made 2 × 1017 cm-2, at an average accelerating voltage of 60 kV, and pulse repetition frequency of 50 Hz. The silicon ion-beam treatment of specimen surfaces is shown to bring about a nearly twofold improvement in the corrosion resistance of the material to attack by aqueous solutions of NaCl (artificial body fluid) and human plasma and a drastic decrease in the nickel concentration after immersion of the specimens into the solutions for ~3400 and ~6000 h, respectively (for the artificial plasma solution, a nearly 20-fold decrease in the Ni concentration is observed). It is shown that improvement of NiTi corrosion resistance after treatment by Si ions occurs mainly due to the formation of two-layer composite coating based on Ti oxides (outer layer) on the NiTi surface and adjacent inner layer of oxides, carbides, and silicides of the NiTi alloy components. Inner layer with high silicon concentration serves as a barrier layer preventing nickel penetration into biomedium. This, in our opinion, is the main reason why the NiTi alloy exhibits no cytotoxic properties after ion modification of its surface and leads to the biocompatibility improvement at the cellular level, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2620-2629
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Materials Engineering and Performance
Volume23
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • binary NiTi-base alloy
  • biocompatibility
  • corrosion resistance
  • high-dose ion implantation
  • silicon
  • surface alloying

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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