Effect of high-amplitude forcing on turbulent combustion intensity and vortex core precession in a strongly swirling lifted propane/air flame

S. V. Alekseenko, V. M. Dulin, Yu S. Kozorezov, D. M. Markovich

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34 Citations (Scopus)


The present work reports stereoscopic particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurements in a strongly swirling nonreacting jet and partially premixed lifted flame. The spatial distributions of the average velocity and components of turbulent kinetic energy were calculated from the measured ensembles of the instantaneous velocity fields. A pronounced bubble-type vortex breakdown was observed for the studied flows. Based on proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) of the PIV data and on estimates of velocity fluctuation spectra by a laser Doppler velocimetry (LDV) probe, it was concluded that the combustion did not fundamentally affect the type of coherent structures in the strongly swirling flow: a pair of secondary helical vortices was induced by a precessing vortex core in both cases. Because a strongly swirling jet flow is usually insensitive to weak forcing, strong perturbations were superimposed on the flow bulk velocity to force the formation of ring-like vortices in the flow and to investigate the possible outcomes on the turbulent combustion process. The forcing frequency was below that of the precession. Based on the CH* chemiluminescence signal, it was observed that the forcing provided an increase in the turbulent combustion rate near the flame onset, as the entrainment of ambient air to the rich mixture must have increased. Moreover, for a forcing amplitude typically above the magnitude of reverse flow inside the bubble-type recirculation zone, a dramatic suppression of the vortex core precession took place in the reacting case. This effect was accompanied by a quasi-periodical vanishing of the recirculation zone due to interaction of the forced ring-like vortices with the lifted flame.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1862-1890
Number of pages29
JournalCombustion Science and Technology
Issue number10-11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Large-scale vortices
  • Lifted flame
  • Particle image velocimetry
  • Precessing vortex core
  • Swirling jet
  • Swirling partially premixed flame

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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