Dynamic thermal tomography

Recent improvements and applications

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The concept of "dynamic thermal tomography" (DTT) was suggested in the 1980s. At that time, there was a wave of interest in the tomographic analysis of materials by active thermal nondestructive testing (TNDT). Unlike particles and quanta of electromagnetic radiation, thermal energy propagates in solids by diffusion. Therefore, a purely geometrical approach, that is characteristic of computed X-ray tomography, is replaced in DTT with the analysis of the evolution of temperature versus time. DTT is based on the fact that, in one-sided TNDT, deeper material layers are characterized by longer time delays of the thermal response. The DTT algorithm is relatively stable when used in the inspection of certain materials. Thermal waves experience damping by amplitude and retardation in time. This limits the detection depth and produces certain artifacts that can be suppressed by thresholding maxigrams. DTT can also be considered as a specific way of data presentation that has proven to be useful in many practical cases, including surface and volumetric thermal stimulation of both metals and non-metals. Thermal tomograms appear similar to binary maps of defects, thus enabling more reliable defect detection in comparison to conventional IR thermograms. In this paper, a "reference-free" approach to DTT is proposed being based on some mathematical manipulations with a front-surface temperature response. Also, the possibility of using the DTT principles for processing the results of ultrasonic infrared thermography is demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-32
Number of pages10
JournalNDT and E International
Volume71
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2015

Fingerprint

Tomography
tomography
Nondestructive examination
thermograms
Hot Temperature
defects
stimulation
thermal energy
surface temperature
artifacts
manipulators
inspection
electromagnetic radiation
time lag
ultrasonics
damping
Thermal energy
Electromagnetic waves
Time delay
Damping

Keywords

  • Carbon fiber reinforced plastic
  • Dynamic thermal tomography
  • Infrared thermography
  • Numerical models
  • Thermal/infrared non-destructive testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Dynamic thermal tomography : Recent improvements and applications. / Vavilov, Vladimir P.

In: NDT and E International, Vol. 71, 01.04.2015, p. 23-32.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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