Dynamic and static exercises differentially affect plasma cytokine content in elite endurance- and strength-trained athletes and untrained volunteers

Leonid V. Kapilevich, Anna N. Zakharova, Anastasia V. Kabachkova, Tatyana A. Kironenko, Sergei N. Orlov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Extensive exercise increases the plasma content of IL-6, IL-8, IL-15, leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF), and several other cytokines via their augmented transcription in skeletal muscle cells. However, the relative impact of aerobic and resistant training interventions on cytokine production remains poorly defined. In this study, we compared effects of dynamic and static load on cytokine plasma content in elite strength- and endurance-trained athletes vs. healthy untrained volunteers. The plasma cytokine content was measured before, immediately after, and 30 min post-exercise using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Pedaling on a bicycle ergometer increased IL-6 and IL-8 content in the plasma of trained athletes by about 4- and 2-fold, respectively. In contrast to dynamic load, weightlifting had negligible impact on these parameters in strength exercise-trained athletes. Unlike IL-6 and IL-8, dynamic exercise had no impact on IL-15 and LIF, whereas static load increases the content of these cytokines by ~50%. Two-fold increment of IL-8 content seen in athletes subjected to dynamic exercise was absent in untrained individuals, whereas the ~50% increase in IL-15 triggered by static load in the plasma of weightlifting athletes was not registered in the control group. Thus, our results show the distinct impact of static and dynamic exercises on cytokine content in the plasma of trained athletes. They also demonstrate that both types of exercises differentially affect cytokine content in plasma of athletes and untrained persons.

Original languageEnglish
Article number35
JournalFrontiers in Physiology
Volume8
Issue numberJAN
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Dynamic exercise
  • Interleukins
  • Leukemia inhibitory factor
  • Static exercise
  • Trained athletes and untrained volunteers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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