Droplet evaporation on a structured surface: The role of near wall vortexes in heat and mass transfer

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Abstract

Experimental studies on the evaporation of a drop located on a horizontal hot wall with cavities of different diameters of 0.5–2.5 mm were carried out. The wall temperature Tw was constant (74 °C and 83 °C). The evaporation behavior on a structured surface was compared with that on a smooth wall. Instantaneous velocity profiles have been obtained over a single cavity and in the vicinity of several cavities using the Micro Particle Image Velocity method (Micro PIV). It has been established that a hotter liquid is periodically ejected from the cavity, which increases convection inside the drop. The strongest intensification of mass transfer is specific for the largest cavities with a diameter of 2.5 mm. The behavior of the droplet evaporation on a smooth wall coincides with that on a structured surface with a cavity diameter of 0.5 mm. Until now, there have been no data that would link the convection in the drop with the vortexes in the cavity at non-isothermal evaporation and at high heat fluxes. The strongest influence of cavities is manifested in the initial period of evaporation, when a cold drop is placed on a hot wall. Over time, the evaporation rate on a structured wall approaches evaporation on a smooth (unstructured) surface. The article considers the influence of several key factors on the convection in a drop.

Original languageEnglish
Article number119126
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume148
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020

Fingerprint

mass transfer
Evaporation
Vortex flow
Mass transfer
heat transfer
evaporation
Heat transfer
cavities
convection
evaporation rate
wall temperature
Heat flux
heat flux
velocity distribution
Liquids
liquids
Convection

Keywords

  • Cavity
  • Droplet evaporation
  • Evaporation rate
  • Free convection
  • Structured surface

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

Cite this

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title = "Droplet evaporation on a structured surface: The role of near wall vortexes in heat and mass transfer",
abstract = "Experimental studies on the evaporation of a drop located on a horizontal hot wall with cavities of different diameters of 0.5–2.5 mm were carried out. The wall temperature Tw was constant (74 °C and 83 °C). The evaporation behavior on a structured surface was compared with that on a smooth wall. Instantaneous velocity profiles have been obtained over a single cavity and in the vicinity of several cavities using the Micro Particle Image Velocity method (Micro PIV). It has been established that a hotter liquid is periodically ejected from the cavity, which increases convection inside the drop. The strongest intensification of mass transfer is specific for the largest cavities with a diameter of 2.5 mm. The behavior of the droplet evaporation on a smooth wall coincides with that on a structured surface with a cavity diameter of 0.5 mm. Until now, there have been no data that would link the convection in the drop with the vortexes in the cavity at non-isothermal evaporation and at high heat fluxes. The strongest influence of cavities is manifested in the initial period of evaporation, when a cold drop is placed on a hot wall. Over time, the evaporation rate on a structured wall approaches evaporation on a smooth (unstructured) surface. The article considers the influence of several key factors on the convection in a drop.",
keywords = "Cavity, Droplet evaporation, Evaporation rate, Free convection, Structured surface",
author = "Misyura, {S. Y.} and Kuznetsov, {G. V.} and Volkov, {R. S.} and Morozov, {V. S.}",
year = "2020",
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T2 - The role of near wall vortexes in heat and mass transfer

AU - Misyura, S. Y.

AU - Kuznetsov, G. V.

AU - Volkov, R. S.

AU - Morozov, V. S.

PY - 2020/2

Y1 - 2020/2

N2 - Experimental studies on the evaporation of a drop located on a horizontal hot wall with cavities of different diameters of 0.5–2.5 mm were carried out. The wall temperature Tw was constant (74 °C and 83 °C). The evaporation behavior on a structured surface was compared with that on a smooth wall. Instantaneous velocity profiles have been obtained over a single cavity and in the vicinity of several cavities using the Micro Particle Image Velocity method (Micro PIV). It has been established that a hotter liquid is periodically ejected from the cavity, which increases convection inside the drop. The strongest intensification of mass transfer is specific for the largest cavities with a diameter of 2.5 mm. The behavior of the droplet evaporation on a smooth wall coincides with that on a structured surface with a cavity diameter of 0.5 mm. Until now, there have been no data that would link the convection in the drop with the vortexes in the cavity at non-isothermal evaporation and at high heat fluxes. The strongest influence of cavities is manifested in the initial period of evaporation, when a cold drop is placed on a hot wall. Over time, the evaporation rate on a structured wall approaches evaporation on a smooth (unstructured) surface. The article considers the influence of several key factors on the convection in a drop.

AB - Experimental studies on the evaporation of a drop located on a horizontal hot wall with cavities of different diameters of 0.5–2.5 mm were carried out. The wall temperature Tw was constant (74 °C and 83 °C). The evaporation behavior on a structured surface was compared with that on a smooth wall. Instantaneous velocity profiles have been obtained over a single cavity and in the vicinity of several cavities using the Micro Particle Image Velocity method (Micro PIV). It has been established that a hotter liquid is periodically ejected from the cavity, which increases convection inside the drop. The strongest intensification of mass transfer is specific for the largest cavities with a diameter of 2.5 mm. The behavior of the droplet evaporation on a smooth wall coincides with that on a structured surface with a cavity diameter of 0.5 mm. Until now, there have been no data that would link the convection in the drop with the vortexes in the cavity at non-isothermal evaporation and at high heat fluxes. The strongest influence of cavities is manifested in the initial period of evaporation, when a cold drop is placed on a hot wall. Over time, the evaporation rate on a structured wall approaches evaporation on a smooth (unstructured) surface. The article considers the influence of several key factors on the convection in a drop.

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KW - Structured surface

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