Disrupted nitric oxide metabolism from type II diabetes and acute exposure to particulate air pollution

Ashley P. Pettit, Howard Kipen, Robert Laumbach, Pamela Ohman-Strickland, Kathleen Kelly-McNeill, Clarimel Cepeda, Zhi Hua Fan, Louis Amorosa, Sara Lubitz, Stephen Schneider, Andrew Gow

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Abstract

Type II diabetes is an established cause of vascular impairment. Particulate air pollution is known to exacerbate cardiovascular and respiratory conditions, particularly in susceptible populations. This study set out to determine the impact of exposure to traffic pollution, with and without particle filtration, on vascular endothelial function in Type II diabetes. Endothelial production of nitric oxide (NO) has previously been linked to vascular health. Reactive hyperemia induces a significant increase in plasma nitrite, the proximal metabolite of NO, in healthy subjects, while diabetics have a lower and more variable level of response. Twenty type II diabetics and 20 controls (ages 46-70 years) were taken on a 1.5hr roadway traffic air pollution exposure as passengers. We analyzed plasma nitrite, as a measure of vascular function, using forearm ischemia to elicit a reactive hyperemic response before and after exposure to one ride with and one without filtration of the particle components of pollution. Control subjects displayed a significant increase in plasma nitrite levels during reactive hyperemia. This response was no longer present following exposure to traffic air pollution, but did not vary with whether or not the particle phase was filtered out. Diabetics did not display an increase in nitrite levels following reactive hyperemia. This response was not altered following pollution exposure. These data suggest that components of acute traffic pollution exposure diminish vascular reactivity in non-diabetic individuals. It also confirms that type II diabetics have a preexisting diminished ability to appropriately respond to a vascular challenge, and that traffic pollution exposure does not cause a further measureable acute change in plasma nitrite levels in Type II diabetics.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0144250
JournalPLoS One
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2015
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Pettit, A. P., Kipen, H., Laumbach, R., Ohman-Strickland, P., Kelly-McNeill, K., Cepeda, C., ... Gow, A. (2015). Disrupted nitric oxide metabolism from type II diabetes and acute exposure to particulate air pollution. PLoS One, 10(12), [e0144250]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0144250