1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The possibility of using a neutron source based on a 10 MeV compact betatron and 1 kg heavy water or 3.3 kg beryllium in the betratron bremsstrahlung beam is investigated. The 235U detection limit in a 358 mm in diameter and 782 mm high container with probability 0.997 in an experimental apparatus with one epithermal-neutron detector is 40 mg with exposure 10 min. Increasing the mass of the neutron target to 10kg heavy water and the number of neutron counters to 25 could decrease the 235U detection limit to 3 mg. A neutron detector based on a compact betatron can be expected to give 235U detection sensitivity 10 -8 g/g.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-132
Number of pages6
JournalAtomic Energy
Volume96
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2004

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Betatrons
Neutron detectors
Heavy water
Neutron sources
Neutrons
Beryllium
Containers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "The possibility of using a neutron source based on a 10 MeV compact betatron and 1 kg heavy water or 3.3 kg beryllium in the betratron bremsstrahlung beam is investigated. The 235U detection limit in a 358 mm in diameter and 782 mm high container with probability 0.997 in an experimental apparatus with one epithermal-neutron detector is 40 mg with exposure 10 min. Increasing the mass of the neutron target to 10kg heavy water and the number of neutron counters to 25 could decrease the 235U detection limit to 3 mg. A neutron detector based on a compact betatron can be expected to give 235U detection sensitivity 10 -8 g/g.",
author = "Golovkov, {V. M.} and Sergey Vladimirovich Chakhlov and Shtein, {Mikhail Mikhailovich}",
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AB - The possibility of using a neutron source based on a 10 MeV compact betatron and 1 kg heavy water or 3.3 kg beryllium in the betratron bremsstrahlung beam is investigated. The 235U detection limit in a 358 mm in diameter and 782 mm high container with probability 0.997 in an experimental apparatus with one epithermal-neutron detector is 40 mg with exposure 10 min. Increasing the mass of the neutron target to 10kg heavy water and the number of neutron counters to 25 could decrease the 235U detection limit to 3 mg. A neutron detector based on a compact betatron can be expected to give 235U detection sensitivity 10 -8 g/g.

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