Deposition of ultrathin nano-hydroxyapatite films on laser micro-textured titanium surfaces to prepare a multiscale surface topography for improved surfacewettability/energy

Maria Surmeneva, Polina Nikityuk, Michael Hans, Roman Surmenev

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10 Citations (Scopus)


The primary aim of this study was to analyse the correlation between topographical features and chemical composition with the changes in wettability and the surface free energy of microstructured titanium (Ti) surfaces. Periodic microscale structures on the surface of Ti substrates were fabricated via direct laser interference patterning (DLIP). Radio-frequency magnetron sputter deposition of ultrathin nanostructured hydroxyapatite (HA) films was used to form an additional nanoscale grain morphology on the microscale-structured Ti surfaces to generate multiscale surface structures. The surface characteristics were evaluated using atomic force microscopy and contact angle and surface free energy measurements. The structure and phase composition of the HA films were investigated using X-ray diffraction. The HA-coated periodic microscale structured Ti substrates exhibited a significantly lower water contact angle and a larger surface free energy compared with the uncoated Ti substrates. Control over the wettability and surface free energy was achieved using Ti substrates structured via the DLIP technique followed by the deposition of a nanostructured HA coating, which resulted in the changes in surface chemistry and the formation of multiscale surface topography on the nano- and microscale.

Original languageEnglish
Article number862
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016



  • Biocompatible coating
  • Hydroxyapatite
  • Multiscale topography
  • Rf magnetron sputtering
  • Surface patterning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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