Coverage and Rate Analysis for Downlink HetNets Using Modified Reverse Frequency Allocation Scheme

Aneeqa Ijaz, Syed Ali Hassan, Syed Ali Raza Zaidi, Dushantha Nalin K. Jayakody, Syed Mohammad Hassan Zaidi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


The deployment of heterogeneous networks (HetNets) inevitably demands the design of interference management techniques to elevate the overall network performance. This paper presents a novel interference mitigation technique known as reverse frequency allocation (RFA), which provides an efficient resource allocation compared with the other state-of-the-art techniques. RFA reverses the transmission direction of interferers, thereby minimizing the cross-tier interference. Eventually, better coverage as well as increased data rates are achieved by providing complementary spectrum to the macro and pico users. In this paper, we present a tractable approach for modeling HetNets under the proposed RFA scheme. Specifically, we employ well known tools from stochastic geometry to derive closed-form expressions for the coverage probability and rate coverage in two-tier cellular network employing RFA and its variants. The modeling is performed using two approaches; first, where the base stations and users are modeled as independent Poisson point processes (PPPs) and second, the interference is approximated using the fluid model. It is shown that the results obtained from the PPP model are accurate for higher values of path loss exponents, while the results from fluid model are useful for smaller values of path loss exponents. The plausibility of model is validated through the Monte-Carlo simulations and the network performance is evaluated in terms of coverage probability, coverage rate, and outage capacity. The results demonstrate that 2-RFA yields outage capacity gains of 13% as compared with the soft fractional frequency reuse scheme, whereas, the performance gains can be further improved by 14% by employing the proposed variants of RFA.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7858712
Pages (from-to)2489-2502
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • 5G heterogeneous network
  • coverage probability
  • outage capacity
  • reverse frequency allocation
  • stochastic geometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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