Copper-labeled Voltammetric Immunosensor for Carbaryl Detection

A. S. Gashevskaya, E. V. Dorozhko, E. I. Korotkova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A hapten-protein conjugate for determining carbaryl using copper nanoparticles was first synthesized in the present work. The copper nanoparticles were used as electrochemical labels in the direct solid-phase competitive analysis of carbaryl residues in flour from some crops. Copper nanoparticles stabilized by chitosan and a hapten-protein conjugate with copper nanoparticles sta-bilized by chitosan by UV/VIS - spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and dynamic light scattering are characterized. To form a recognition receptor layer of monoclonal antibodies against the carbaryl on the surface of a gold-graphite electrode, 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl)car-bodiimide hydrochloride, dicyclohexylcarbodiimide and 1-hydroxy-2,5-pyrrolidinedione were found to be the best covalent cross-linkers. When selection the electrochemical immunosensor con-ditions, working dilutions of the antibodies and the hapten-protein conjugate with copper nanopar-ticles copper nanoparticles stabilized by chitosan were selected to detect the carbaryl. The effect of ethyl alcohol on the performance of the electrochemical immunosensor for the determination of carbaryl was evaluated. The specificity of the developed electrochemical immunosensor was inves-tigated by testing structurally related carbaryl compounds; the results did not exceed 7%. The elec-trochemical immunosensor can be used for highly sensitive determination of carbaryl residues in flour samples with a detection limit of 0.08 μg /kg within a range of detectable contents of 0.8-32.3 μg/kg.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-33
Number of pages8
JournalIzvestiya Vysshikh Uchebnykh Zavedenii, Seriya Khimiya i Khimicheskaya Tekhnologiya
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2021


  • carbaryl
  • copper nanoparticles
  • electro chemical immunosensor
  • hapten-protein conjugate for carbaryl determination
  • inversion voltammetry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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