Electron spin polarization occurs naturally in an electron storage ring due to spin-flip synchrotron radiation. The equilibrium polarization level that is achieved in Diamond Light Source was studied theoretically and experimentally. A novel approach that enables measurements during user operation is presented, compatible with beams of small vertical emittance in the range of pm rad. An array of four custom-made scintillation detectors has been installed around the beam pipe downstream from the collimators to capture a significant fraction of the lost particles and witness the depolarization process in the presence of a background loss rate. A new concept for detecting the depolarization resonance even when it coincides with higher-order betatron resonances was introduced. The momentum compaction factor was measured to be in very good agreement with the storage ring numerical model. In the end, we measured a good long-term stability of the beam energy during user operation time.
|Journal||Physical Review Accelerators and Beams|
|Publication status||Published - 10 Dec 2019|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
- Surfaces and Interfaces