Composition and Band Gap Tailoring of Crystalline (GaN)1- x(ZnO)x Solid Solution Nanowires for Enhanced Photoelectrochemical Performance

Jing Li, Baodan Liu, Aimin Wu, Bing Yang, Wenjin Yang, Fei Liu, Xinglai Zhang, Vladimir An, Xin Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Photoelectrochemical water splitting has emerged as an effective artificial photosynthesis technology to generate clean energy of H2 from sunlight. The core issue in this reaction system is to develop a highly efficient photoanode with a large fraction of solar light absorption and greater active surface area. In this work, we take advantage of energy band engineering to synthesize (GaN)1-x(ZnO)x solid solution nanowires with ZnO contents ranging from 10.3% to 47.6% and corresponding band gap tailoring from 3.08 to 2.77 eV on the basis of the Au-assisted VLS mechanism. The morphology of nanowires directly grown on the conductive substrate facilitates the charge transfer and simultaneously improves the surface reaction sites. As a result, a photocurrent approximately 10 times larger than that for a conventional powder-based photoanode is obtained, which indicates the potential of (GaN)1-x(ZnO)x nanowires in the preparation of superior photoanodes for enhanced water splitting. It is anticipated that the water-splitting capability of (GaN)1-x(ZnO)x nanowire can be further increased through alignment control for enhanced visible light absorption and reduction of charge transfer resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5240-5248
Number of pages9
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume57
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 May 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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