Comparing the efficiency of defect depth characterization algorithms in the inspection of CFRP by using one-sided pulsed thermal NDT

A. I. Moskovchenko, V. P. Vavilov, A. O. Chulkov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The efficiency of eight algorithms of defect depth characterization (pulse phase thermography – PPT, thermographic signal reconstruction by analyzing the first and second derivatives– TSR, early observation – EO, apparent thermal inertia – ATI, thermal quadrupoles - TQ, non-linear fitting - NLF and neural networks – NN) has been comparatively analyzed on both theoretical and experimental IR image sequences obtained in the inspection of CFRP composite. Synthetic noise-free image sequences have been calculated by means of the ThermoCalc-3D software, while experimental results have been obtained by applying a one-sided procedure of pulsed thermal NDT to the inspection of artificial defects in CFRP. A relative error in the evaluation of defect depth has been chosen as a figure of merit. It has been demonstrated that a simple and robust processing technique is the use of the Fourier transform resulting in phase-domain data (PPT). The technique of TSR ensures maximal values of signal-to-noise ratio and is less susceptible to uneven heating and lateral heat diffusion. The calculation of ATI has allowed the characterization of defects at depths up to 1.5 mm, but it is sensitive to uneven heating thus requiring to carefully choose a non-defect area. The EO method, as well as the technique of TQ, have revealed inferior results in defect depth identification because of a noisy character of raw signals. Non-linear fitting is a convenient processing technique allowing simultaneous characterization of some test parameters, such as material thermal properties, defect depth and thickness, etc., but this technique is time-consuming and can hardly be applied to full-format images. In the whole defect depth range, minimal characterization errors have been ensured by the use of the NN that is a promising tool for automated identification of hidden defects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103289
JournalInfrared Physics and Technology
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020


  • Active thermal NDT
  • CFRP composite
  • Defect depth characterization
  • Neural network
  • Thermal quadrupoles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Comparing the efficiency of defect depth characterization algorithms in the inspection of CFRP by using one-sided pulsed thermal NDT'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this