Communication and networking technologies for UAVs: A survey

Abhishek Sharma, Pankhuri Vanjani, Nikhil Paliwal, Chathuranga M.Wijerathna Basnayaka, Dushantha Nalin K. Jayakody, Hwang Cheng Wang, P. Muthuchidambaranathan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


With the advancement in drone technology, in just a few years, drones will be assisting humans in every domain. But there are many challenges to be tackled, communication being the chief one. This paper aims at providing insights into the latest UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) communication technologies through investigation of suitable task modules, antennas, resource handling platforms, and network architectures. Additionally, we explore techniques such as machine learning and path planning to enhance existing drone communication methods. Encryption and optimization techniques for ensuring long−lasting and secure communications, as well as for power management, are discussed. Moreover, applications of UAV networks for different contextual uses ranging from navigation to surveillance, URLLC (Ultra-reliable and low−latency communications), edge computing and work related to artificial intelligence are examined. In particular, the intricate interplay between UAV, advanced cellular communication, and internet of things constitutes one of the focal points of this paper. The survey encompasses lessons learned, insights, challenges, open issues, and future directions in UAV communications. Our literature review reveals the need for more research work on drone−to−drone and drone−to−device communications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102739
JournalJournal of Network and Computer Applications
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2020


  • 5G mobile communication
  • Communication systems
  • Mobile communication
  • Unmanned aerial vehicles
  • Wireless networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Networks and Communications

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