Collisions of water droplets in the high-temperature air

P. P. Tkachenko, N. E. Shlegel, P. A. Strizhak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The paper presents experimental research findings on the integral characteristics of the interaction of water droplets in a gas heated to high temperatures. An induction heater with an internal volume of about 0.13 m3 was used. It was fitted with quartz glass observation windows to record the characteristics of droplet motion before and after collisions. Air was used as a gas medium in the inductor. The parameters were varied in the following ranges: the air medium temperature 20–700 °С, the initial radius of droplets 0.3–0.9 mm, their velocity 0.1–7 m/s and impact angle 0–90°. At high gas temperatures, droplets were two-phase objects, because vapor bubbles formed in their near-surface layer. Frames with four collision regimes (coalescence, separation, disruption and bounce) were recorded. There were significant differences in the transformation of the water droplet surface and in the interaction of droplets with each other at various gas temperatures in the heating chamber. It has been shown that the growth of the air temperature increases the droplet lifetime and causes them to deviate from the spherical shape. The effect of the gas temperature on the position of droplet collision boundaries was determined with due consideration of the relative linear interaction parameter and the Weber number. When the gas temperature increases, two areas may form, corresponding to the bounce of droplets on the collision regime map. Differences were established in the number and dimensions of secondary water droplets formed from the collision of two initial ones. The total surface areas of liquid before and after droplet collisions were calculated.

Original languageEnglish
Article number121011
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Publication statusPublished - May 2021


  • Child droplets
  • High-temperature gas medium
  • Interaction regimes
  • Regime map
  • Water droplets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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