Closo-dodecaborate(2-) as a linker for iodination of macromolecules. Aspects on conjugation chemistry and biodistribution

Vladimir Tolmachev, Jacek Koziorowski, Igor Sivaev, Hans Lundqvist, Jörgen Carlsson, Anna Orlova, Lars Gedda, Pär Olsson, Stefan Sjöberg, Anders Sundin

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35 Citations (Scopus)


Boron-containing compounds like closo-dodecaborate(2-) are in theory suitable for radioactive labeling with halogens. The boron-halogen bond is stronger than carbon-halogen bond and is not likely to be recognized by deiodinating enzymes in vivo. Peptides and proteins may be conjugated with various closo-dodecaborate(2-)-containing ligands, and thereafter, the conjugate can be iodinated. Since closo-dodecaborate(2-) is more avidly iodinated than tyrosine in moderately acidic media, such conjugates may be directly labeled on the boron part with radioisotopes of iodine using the standard Chloramine-T procedure. Mercapto-undecahydro-closo-dodecaborate(2-) (BSH) was reacted with the double bond of allyldextran to form a boronated dextran compound of the molecular size of about 70 kDa. This compound, in the text denoted as Dx-BS, and cesium dodecahydro-closo-dodecaborate(2-) were labeled using iodine-125. The two compounds were administered to rats in order to study their in vivo stability. The results indicate that iodinated Dx-BS is stable for about 20 h in vivo. The degradation rate, as indicated by thyroid uptake, was found low. [125I]Iodo-closo-dodecaborate(2-), which is a possible degradation product of [125I]Dx-BS-I, was rapidly excreted in urine without significant accumulation in any organ.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)338-345
Number of pages8
JournalBioconjugate Chemistry
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Organic Chemistry

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