The numerical simulation results on fracture of a concrete block due to dynamic explosive loads applied to the walls of a blast hole are presented. The influence of the pulse shape on the shock-wave dynamics is considered. A comparison of mechanical stresses in direct and reflected pressure waves induced in the concrete block by explosion pulses of various durations and amplitudes shows that the shorter pulses with higher amplitudes and steeper rise times provide a higher blasting efficiency. The wire application for the discharge initiation enables the operating voltage of the generator to decrease, the discharge gap to increase, and hence, the channel energy to lead to the demolition build-up at electro burst. The significant dependence of the stress-wave profile on the pressure pulse wave shape at the borehole wall, which is determined by the rate of electrical energy release in the plasma channel, has been shown. An analysis of the stress-wave dynamics has shown that the rapid power deposition into a plasma channel tends to shift an amplitude of the tangential stresses in a reflected wave to the higher values and to extend the region of tensile tangential stresses initiating the main crack propagation from the borehole walls to a free material surface.
|Journal||Journal of Physics: Conference Series|
|Publication status||Published - 4 May 2017|
|Event||5th International Congress on Energy Fluxes and Radiation Effects 2016, EFRE 2016 - Tomsk, Russian Federation|
Duration: 2 Oct 2016 → 7 Oct 2016
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)