Calculation of the trajectory of cations of metals in an aqueous solution under electric field

Igor Shamanin, Ivan Ushakov, Sergey Timchenko, Andrew Poberezhnikov

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

As a result of considering the interaction of an external electric field with free and bound charges that are in the volume of the salt solution in a polar dielectric fluid, an equation is obtained that describes the oscillations of an ion with respect to solvent molecules. Analysis of the equation showed that in the case when the amplitudes and durations of the half-periods of the sinusoidal field are different, the movement of the ion is a drift in the direction of one of the electrodes that form the field in the electrically insulated solution volume. The results of experiments on the excitation of the phenomenon of selective drift of solvated ions under the action of an external asymmetric electric field on a circulating solution of calcium and magnesium chloride salts in a polar liquid dielectric - in water are presented. The dependences of the separation efficiency of solvated cations on the frequency of the external field and the excitation threshold of the phenomenon on the value of the field strength in the separation cell are established.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationV International Conference for Young Scientists, Post-Graduate Students and Students �Isotopes
Subtitle of host publicationTechnologies, Materials and Application�, ITMA 2018
EditorsGagik Ashot Martoyan, Anna Godymchuk, Liudmyla Rieznichenko
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735418318
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Apr 2019
Event5th International Conference for Young Scientists, Post-Graduate Students and Students on Isotopes: Technologies, Materials and Application, ITMA 2018 - Tomsk, Russian Federation
Duration: 19 Nov 201823 Nov 2018

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2101
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference5th International Conference for Young Scientists, Post-Graduate Students and Students on Isotopes: Technologies, Materials and Application, ITMA 2018
CountryRussian Federation
CityTomsk
Period19.11.1823.11.18

    Fingerprint

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Shamanin, I., Ushakov, I., Timchenko, S., & Poberezhnikov, A. (2019). Calculation of the trajectory of cations of metals in an aqueous solution under electric field. In G. A. Martoyan, A. Godymchuk, & L. Rieznichenko (Eds.), V International Conference for Young Scientists, Post-Graduate Students and Students �Isotopes: Technologies, Materials and Application�, ITMA 2018 [020020] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2101). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5099612