Calcium phosphate coating prepared by microarc oxidation affects htert expression, molecular presentation, and cytokine secretion in tumor-derived jurkat T cells

Larisa S. Litvinova, Olga G. Khaziakhmatova, Valeria V. Shupletsova, Kristina A. Yurova, Vladimir V. Malashchenko, Egor O. Shunkin, Pavel A. Ivanov, Ekaterina G. Komarova, Valentina V. Chebodaeva, Ekaterina D. Porokhova, Elena A. Gereng, Igor A. Khlusov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Calcium phosphate (CaP) materials are among the best bone graft substitutes, but their use in the repair of damaged bone in tumor patients is still unclear. The human Jurkat T lymphoblast leukemia-derived cell line (Jurkat T cells) was exposed in vitro to a titanium (Ti) substrate (10 × 10 × 1 mm3) with a bilateral rough (average roughness index (Ra) = 2–5 µm) CaP coating applied via the microarc oxidation (MAO) technique, and the morphofunctional response of the cells was studied. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscope (EDX) analyses showed voltage-dependent (150–300 V) growth of structural (Ra index, mass, and thickness) and morphological surface and volume elements, a low Ca/PaT ratio (0.3–0.6), and the appearance of crystalline phases of CaHPO4 (monetite) and β-Ca2P2O7 (calcium pyrophosphate). Cell and molecular reactions in 2-day and 14-day cultures differed strongly and correlated with the Ra values. There was significant upregulation of hTERT expression (1.7-fold), IL-17 secretion, the presentation of the activation antigens CD25 (by 2.7%) and CD95 (by 5.15%) on CD4+ cells, and 1.5–2-fold increased cell apoptosis and necrosis after two days of culture. Hyperactivation-dependent death of CD4+ cells triggered by the surface roughness of the CaP coating was proposed. Conversely, a 3.2-fold downregulation in hTERT expression increased the percentages of CD4+ cells and their CD95+ subset (by 15.5% and 22.9%, respectively) and inhibited the secretion of 17 of 27 test cytokines/chemokines without a reduction in Jurkat T cell survival after 14 days of coculture. Thereafter, cell hypoergy and the selection of an hTERT-independent viable CD4+ subset of tumor cells were proposed. The possible role of negative zeta potentials and Ca2+ as effectors of CaP roughness was discussed. The continuous (2–14 days) 1.5–6-fold reductions in the secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) by tumor cells correlated with the Ra values of microarc CaP-coated Ti substrates seems to limit surgical stress-induced metastasis of lymphoid malignancies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4307
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2020


  • CaP roughness
  • Cell behavior in vitro
  • Correlations
  • Surface electrostatic and electrokinetic potentials
  • Titanium substrate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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