The presence of radiochemical impurities in a radiopharmaceutical contributes to an unnecessary radiation burden for the patients or to an undesirable high radioactivity background, which reduces the imaging contrast or therapeutic efficacy. Therefore, if the radiolabeling process results in unsatisfactory radiochemical purity, a purification step is unavoidable. A successful purification process requires a profound knowledge about the radiopharmaceuticals of interest ranging from structural features to susceptibility to different conditions. Most radiopharmaceutical purification methods are based on solid-phase extraction (SPE), high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), size exclusion chromatography (SEC), ion-exchange chromatography (IEC), and liquid–liquid extraction (LLE). Here, we discuss the basic and applied concepts of these purifications methods as well as their advantages and limitations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Drug Discovery