Motor actions during flight are some of the most difficult, in certain sports athletes have to deal with them all the time, and in many sports flight is the main position during exercise. In flight actions the essential psychological factor is readiness for safe landing, avoiding the loss of balance and falling This factor often hampers the effective execution of an exercise. The purpose of the present research was to study the physiological and biomechanical characteristics of the landing phase when making a standing long jump by athletes of different skill levels. The differences detected in moving of various parts of the body when landing are stipulated by the specificity of distribution of muscular activity. The findings suggest that technical skills are developed when performing standing long jumps thanks to the reorganization of the system of statokinetic reflexes of the athlete. Changes occur in the distribution of muscle tone in the flight phase, which leads to a change in the motion pattern in the cervical spine, as well as in the hip and knee joints. The result of such changes in athletes is the reduced horizontal component of the velocity of flight by the time of landing and putting the center of mass of the body to the support projection to ensure the equilibrium.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Teoriya i Praktika Fizicheskoy Kultury|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation