It has been shown that optical and ultraviolet radiation from relativistic electrons at planar channeling in optically transparent crystals is characterized by an unusual dependence on the polar and azimuth angles. A fraction of radiation with the frequency ω near which the derivative of the refractive index is nonzero, n'(ω) = dn(ω)/dω ≠ 0, should be observed at an angle close to π/2 with respect to the electron beam. For normal dispersion (n'(ω) > 0), this angle is smaller than π/2, whereas for anomalous dispersion (n'(ω) <0), it is larger than π/2 (“backward” radiation). A pronounced dependence of the radiation intensity on the azimuth angle φ, i.e., azimuthal asymmetry, appears beyond the region of normal and anomalous dispersion at a fixed polar angle θ. In particular, the ratio of radiation intensities at angles φ = 0 and π/2 at θ = π/2 reaches a maximum value of about the square of the refractive index.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)