Assessment of Model Predictive Voltage Control for Autonomous Four-Leg Inverter

Raef Aboelsaud, Raef Aboelsaud, Ameena Saad Al-Sumaiti, Ahmed Ibrahim, Ivan V. Alexandrov, Alexander G. Garganeev, Ahmed A.Zaki Diab

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The Finite control set model predictive control (FCS-MPC) is recently introduced to control inverters without the modulation stage. The absence of the modulation stage gives an unpredictable performance of the control system. In this paper, the performance of FCS-MPC is assessed by comparing with PID control which is based on Scalar Pulse Width Modulation (PWM). The two control techniques are applied for load voltage regulation of the autonomous four-leg voltage source inverter (FLVSI). Practically, the predictive control requires a large number of calculations, resulting in high computation time and delay. In this paper, a new finite control set model predictive voltage control (MPVC) algorithm is proposed to predict the load voltages for 15 switching states instead of 16 switching states for reducing the computation time required for the control algorithm. Moreover, the algorithm is optimized by removing the repeated computations and the delay is compensated using the two-step prediction horizon principle. An accurate discrete-time state-space model of the autonomous FLVSI with output LC-filter is used for predicting the load voltages considering the neutral inductance and damping resistance of the LC filter. A simple PID control scheme with decoupled feedforward voltage and current loops is used in the DQ0 reference frame, while MPVC operates in the ABC reference frame. The simulation and experimental results are used to show the full assessment of the MPVC. The prominent outcomes show the ability of the proposed MPVC algorithm to provide high power quality under unbalanced and non-linear load conditions with high stability and robustness.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9098881
Pages (from-to)101163-101180
Number of pages18
JournalIEEE Access
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2020


  • Computation time reduction
  • Four-leg VSI
  • Inverter
  • Load unbalances
  • PID control
  • Predictive voltage control
  • PWM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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