Application of aluminum nanopowder for pure hydrogen production

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The problems of hydrogen energetic as well as a method of high pure hydrogen obtaining are presented in the paper. It was suggested to use the reaction of aluminium nanopowder with water, as the reaction proceeds with high rate even at ambient conditions (the rate of hydrogen emission reached 18 ml/(s·g)) and high degree of conversion (up to 100 %). The unreasonableness of the replacement of aluminium nanopowder to coarse-grained powder in this reaction due to the low efficiency is shown in the article. As a solution for pure hydrogen obtaining, a phenomenon of self-heating of aluminum nanoparticles and the resulting hydrogen, as well as the effect of its high-temperature diffusion through the membrane of ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene were used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-266
Number of pages6
JournalKey Engineering Materials
Volume712
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
EventWorkshop on Advanced Materials for Technical and Medical Purpose, AMTMP-2016 - Tomsk, Russian Federation
Duration: 15 Feb 201617 Feb 2016

Fingerprint

Hydrogen production
Aluminum
Hydrogen
Ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylenes
Powders
Nanoparticles
Membranes
Heating
Water
Temperature

Keywords

  • Aluminium
  • Dehydration at heating
  • Hydrogen
  • Hydrogen accumulator
  • Hydrogen energetic
  • Interaction products
  • Nanopowder
  • Proton
  • Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Application of aluminum nanopowder for pure hydrogen production",
abstract = "The problems of hydrogen energetic as well as a method of high pure hydrogen obtaining are presented in the paper. It was suggested to use the reaction of aluminium nanopowder with water, as the reaction proceeds with high rate even at ambient conditions (the rate of hydrogen emission reached 18 ml/(s·g)) and high degree of conversion (up to 100 {\%}). The unreasonableness of the replacement of aluminium nanopowder to coarse-grained powder in this reaction due to the low efficiency is shown in the article. As a solution for pure hydrogen obtaining, a phenomenon of self-heating of aluminum nanoparticles and the resulting hydrogen, as well as the effect of its high-temperature diffusion through the membrane of ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene were used.",
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author = "Il'in, {Alexander Petrovich} and Root, {L. O.} and Mostovshchikov, {A. V.}",
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AU - Il'in, Alexander Petrovich

AU - Root, L. O.

AU - Mostovshchikov, A. V.

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N2 - The problems of hydrogen energetic as well as a method of high pure hydrogen obtaining are presented in the paper. It was suggested to use the reaction of aluminium nanopowder with water, as the reaction proceeds with high rate even at ambient conditions (the rate of hydrogen emission reached 18 ml/(s·g)) and high degree of conversion (up to 100 %). The unreasonableness of the replacement of aluminium nanopowder to coarse-grained powder in this reaction due to the low efficiency is shown in the article. As a solution for pure hydrogen obtaining, a phenomenon of self-heating of aluminum nanoparticles and the resulting hydrogen, as well as the effect of its high-temperature diffusion through the membrane of ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene were used.

AB - The problems of hydrogen energetic as well as a method of high pure hydrogen obtaining are presented in the paper. It was suggested to use the reaction of aluminium nanopowder with water, as the reaction proceeds with high rate even at ambient conditions (the rate of hydrogen emission reached 18 ml/(s·g)) and high degree of conversion (up to 100 %). The unreasonableness of the replacement of aluminium nanopowder to coarse-grained powder in this reaction due to the low efficiency is shown in the article. As a solution for pure hydrogen obtaining, a phenomenon of self-heating of aluminum nanoparticles and the resulting hydrogen, as well as the effect of its high-temperature diffusion through the membrane of ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene were used.

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