Antihypertensive activity of a new c-Jun N-terminal kinase inhibitor in spontaneously hypertensive rats

Mark B. Plotnikov, Oleg I. Aliev, Aleksandr Y. Shamanaev, Anastasia V. Sidekhmenova, Anna M. Anishchenko, Tatiana I. Fomina, Victoria S. Rydchenko, Andrei I. Khlebnikov, Yana J. Anfinogenova, Igor A. Schepetkin, Dmitriy N. Atochin

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Abstract

c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs) are involved in the myocardial and aortic remodeling, increased arterial tone, and arterial blood pressure elevation associated with hypertension. The aim of the present study was to investigate the antihypertensive effect of a new JNK inhibitor, 1H-indeno[1,2-b]quinoxalin-11-one oxime sodium salt (IQ-1S), on spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Experiments were performed using normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats and SHRs. Experimental groups of SHRs received IQ-1S intragastrically for 6 weeks in daily doses of 5 and 50 mg/kg; experimental groups of WKY rats received 50 mg/kg IQ-1S according to the same regimen. The IQ-1S administration regimen induced decreases in systolic blood pressure, mean arterial blood pressure, total peripheral resistance, blood viscosity, hematocrit, myocardial cell cross-sectional area, and aortic wall thickness in SHRs vs untreated SHRs. There were no significant differences in systolic blood pressure values between the control and experimental groups of WKY rats during the treatment period. A concentration-dependent decrease in the tone of carotid arterial rings isolated from SHRs was observed after JNK inhibitor application in vitro. Application of the JNK inhibitor diminished endothelin-1 secretion by human umbilical vein endothelial cells in vitro. The main mechanisms of the antihypertensive effect of IQ-1S included the attenuation of blood viscosity due to decreased hematocrit, a vasodilatory effect on arterial smooth muscle cells, and a decrease in endothelin-1 production by endothelial cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1068-1078
Number of pages11
JournalHypertension Research
Volume43
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2020

Keywords

  • 1H-indeno[1,2-b]quinoxalin-11-one oxime sodium salt
  • Antihypertensive activity
  • Endothelin-1 production by endothelial cells
  • Inhibition of myocardial and aorta remodeling
  • JNK inhibitor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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  • Cite this

    Plotnikov, M. B., Aliev, O. I., Shamanaev, A. Y., Sidekhmenova, A. V., Anishchenko, A. M., Fomina, T. I., Rydchenko, V. S., Khlebnikov, A. I., Anfinogenova, Y. J., Schepetkin, I. A., & Atochin, D. N. (2020). Antihypertensive activity of a new c-Jun N-terminal kinase inhibitor in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Hypertension Research, 43(10), 1068-1078. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41440-020-0446-9