Accumulation of electrons in course of transportation of tubular high-current electron beam in a coaxial diode with magnetic insulation was studied in the situation of counterstream electron motion occurring due to the formation of a virtual cathode. Accumulation of electrons in these flows is accompanied by gradual increase in their relative energy spread and simultaneous decrease in the maximum kinetic energy. The process is described analytically and confirmed in numerical modeling. The theory is an extension of the known theory of coaxial magnetically insulated diode (based on the conservation of axial component of the generalized momentum) taking into account the spread of electron energies. The numerical modeling employed the KARAT electromagnetic PiC-code. Experiments were performed using high-current electron accelerator SINUS-7 (pulsewidth 50 ns) in the range of diode voltages 350 - 800 kV, magnetic fields 8 - 24 kOe, electron beam currents 2 - 12 kA. A gradual increase of potential of the electron beam between the explosive-emission cathode and the virtual cathode was observed, which accompanies accumulation of circulating electrons as predicted in theory.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)