An action activated and self powered wireless forest fire detector

Johan Sidén, Andrey Koptyug, Mikael Gulliksson, Hans Erik Nilsson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Placing fire detectors in a forest is usually associated with powering problems since the sensors do not have access to external power supply and a periodical change of internal batteries is an undesired option. This paper presents an approach where the fire sensor itself, when heated by nearby fire, generates electrical energy to power a radio transmitter. Presented energizing fire sensor is environmentally friendly and can be mass produced at a very low cost. Upon activation the sensor produces enough power necessary to operate most standard radio transmitters depending on what communication system is chosen for operation. The fire detector unit can be deployed from either helicopter or manually from the ground. The sensor can be designed to activate itself at different temperatures to suit different climate zones. Rough guidelines are given for estimation of attenuation of radio wave propagation in forest areas in order to predict maximum transmit distance.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWireless Sensor and Actor Networks
Subtitle of host publicationIFIP WG 6.8 First International Conference on Wireless Sensor and Actor Networks, WSAN'07, Albacete, Spain, September 24-26, 2007
EditorsLuis Orozco-Barbosa, Teresa Olivares, Rafael Casado, Aurelio Bermudez
Pages47-58
Number of pages12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameIFIP International Federation for Information Processing
Volume248
ISSN (Print)1571-5736

Keywords

  • Action activated tags
  • Energizing sensors
  • Forest fire detectors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems and Management

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