Aluminum and copper nanostructures for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy: A one-to-one comparison to silver and gold

Raul D. Rodriguez, Evgeniya Sheremet, Maxim Nesterov, Stefan Moras, Mahfujur Rahaman, Thomas Weiss, Michael Hietschold, Dietrich R.T. Zahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 3 Citations

Abstract

In this work, we aimed at investigating how good or bad aluminum (Al) and copper (Cu) perform in plasmonic applications as compared to silver (Ag) and gold (Au). Contrary to our expectations, and to widely accepted misconceptions, our experimental and simulation results show that Cu and Al layers on nanospheres make efficient nanostructures for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy. In an unprecedented one-to-one comparison among all metal nanostructures, it is demonstrated that Al and Cu rival the conventionally used materials, Ag and Au, displaying similar enhancement. The enhancement capability was shown with the metal nanostructures exposed to air under room conditions showing that the oxide layers formed on Al and Cu do not affect their SERS performance significantly. This concise report further supports large-scale chemical sensing applications using low-cost metals compatible with mass-production fabrication in microelectronics as well as demonstrating an appropriate way to compare the electric field enhancement of different plasmonic materials.

LanguageEnglish
Pages922-927
Number of pages6
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
Volume262
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018

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Aluminum
Silver
Gold
Raman spectroscopy
Copper
Nanostructures
silver
gold
aluminum
copper
Metals
augmentation
metals
Nanospheres
microelectronics
Microelectronics
Oxides
rooms
Electric fields
Fabrication

Keywords

  • Chemical sensors
  • Noble metals
  • Plasmonics
  • Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Aluminum and copper nanostructures for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy : A one-to-one comparison to silver and gold. / Rodriguez, Raul D.; Sheremet, Evgeniya; Nesterov, Maxim; Moras, Stefan; Rahaman, Mahfujur; Weiss, Thomas; Hietschold, Michael; Zahn, Dietrich R.T.

In: Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical, Vol. 262, 01.06.2018, p. 922-927.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rodriguez, Raul D. ; Sheremet, Evgeniya ; Nesterov, Maxim ; Moras, Stefan ; Rahaman, Mahfujur ; Weiss, Thomas ; Hietschold, Michael ; Zahn, Dietrich R.T. / Aluminum and copper nanostructures for surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy : A one-to-one comparison to silver and gold. In: Sensors and Actuators, B: Chemical. 2018 ; Vol. 262. pp. 922-927.
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