Alternative materials in technologies for Biogas upgrading via CO 2 capture

Kui Zhou, Somboon Chaemchuen, Francis Verpoort

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biogas is a renewable fuel source of methane that can be used as energy for vehicles after a purification process to remove impurities (Biogas upgrading and cleaning). However, removal of CO 2 from methane is one of the critical steps for biogas upgrading and is limiting its commercial application. An overview of the materials in technologies of separation (membrane) and sorption (sorbents) know-how, including chemisorbents and physisorbents, has been made with a particular emphasis on biogas upgrading. The alternative properties and possibilities of different technologies and materials for CO 2 separation, including alkanol amine, solid alkanol amine, zeolites, carbonaceous, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs), and membrane applied for purifying raw biogas (upgrading) to produce bio-methane and on the other hand, to reduce CO 2 emission from fossil fuel are discussed in this review.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1414-1441
Number of pages28
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume79
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Biofuel
  • Biogas upgrading
  • CO capture
  • CO separation
  • Sorbent
  • Sorption technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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