Alkynes as synthetic equivalents of ketones and aldehydes: A hidden entry into carbonyl chemistry

Igor V. Alabugin, Edgar Gonzalez-Rodriguez, Rahul Kisan Kawade, Aleksandr A. Stepanov, Sergei F. Vasilevsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The high energy packed in alkyne functional group makes alkyne reactions highly thermodynamically favorable and generally irreversible. Furthermore, the presence of two orthogonal π-bonds that can be manipulated separately enables flexible synthetic cascades stemming from alkynes. Behind these “obvious” traits, there are other more subtle, often concealed aspects of this functional group’s appeal. This review is focused on yet another interesting but underappreciated alkyne feature: the fact that the CC alkyne unit has the same oxidation state as the -CH2C(O)- unit of a typical carbonyl compound. Thus, “classic carbonyl chemistry” can be accessed through alkynes, and new transformations can be engineered by unmasking the hidden carbonyl nature of alkynes. The goal of this review is to illustrate the advantages of using alkynes as an entry point to carbonyl reactions while highlighting reports from the literature where, sometimes without full appreciation, the concept of using alkynes as a hidden entry into carbonyl chemistry has been applied.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1036
JournalMolecules
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acetals
  • Aldehydes
  • Alkynes
  • Carbonyl compounds
  • Catalysis
  • Condensations
  • Cyclizations
  • Electronic structure
  • Ketones
  • Nucleophilic addition
  • Rearrangements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Alkynes as synthetic equivalents of ketones and aldehydes: A hidden entry into carbonyl chemistry'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this