Aggregation of manufactured nanoparticles in aqueous solutions of mono- and bivalent electrolytes

Anna Godymchuk, Elizaveta Karepina, Elena Nikolaevna Yunda, Irina Bozhko, Galina Lyamina, Denis Kuznetsov, Alexander Gusev, Natalia Kosova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The study of biological activity of manufactured nanopowders lacks experimental data concerning the influence of electrolyte nature and content on the degree of nanoparticles aggregation in aqueous suspensions. Using the dynamic light scattering technique, it has been shown how the ionic strength (0.0001…100 mM) of mono- and bivalent electrolyte (Na<sup>+</sup>, Ca<sup>2+</sup>) solutions influences the size and zeta-potential of Al (90 nm) and Al<inf>2</inf>O<inf>3</inf> (30 nm) nanoparticles. It has been determined that the aggregative effect of counterions decreases when their charge increases. The weaker influence of Ca<sup>2+</sup> concentration on the aggregation of both nanoparticles has been demonstrated. For Al<inf>2</inf>O<inf>3</inf> nanoparticles, the stronger influence of Na<sup>+</sup> concentration on the size and charge of aggregates has been observed.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Nanoparticle Research
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2015

Keywords

  • Aggregation
  • Aluminium
  • Aluminium oxide
  • Aqueous suspensions
  • Colloids
  • Electrolyte solutions
  • Nanoparticles

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Bioengineering

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