In these studies we determined whether progressive pulmonary inflammation associated with aging in surfactant protein D (Sftpd)-/- mice leads to an exacerbated response to ozone. In Sftpd^/^ mice, but not wild-type (WT) mice, age-related increases in numbers of enlarged vacuolated macrophages were observed in the lung, along with alveolar wall rupture, type 2 cell hyperplasia, and increased bronchoalveolar lavage protein and cell content. Numbers of heme oxygenase + macrophages also increased with age in Sftpd-/- mice, together with classically (iNOS +) and alternatively (mannosereceptor+, YM-1 +, orgalectin-3 +) activated macrophages. In both WT and Sftpd-/- mice, increasing age from 8 to 27 wk was associated with reduced lung stiffness, as reflected by decreases in resistance and elastance spectra; however, this response was reversed in 80-wk-old Sftpd-/- mice. Ozone exposure (0.8 ppm, 3 h) caused increases in lung pathology, alveolar epithelial barrier dysfunction, and numbers of iNOS+ macrophages in 8- and 27-wk-old Sftpd-/-, but not WT mice at 72 h postexposure. Conversely, increases in alternatively activated macrophages were observed in 8-wk-old WT mice following ozone exposure, but not in Sftpd-/- mice. Ozone also caused alterations in both airway and tissue mechanics in Sftpd-/- mice at 8 and 27 wk, but not at 80 wk. These data demonstrate that mild to moderate pulmonary inflammation results in increased sensitivity to ozone; however, in senescent mice, these responses are overwhelmed by the larger effects of age-related increases in baseline inflammation and lung injury.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Oct 2013|
- Surfactant protein D
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Physiology (medical)
- Cell Biology