Adsorption of Cu2+, Zn2+and Pb2+ ions on a novel graphene-containing nanocomposite: An isotherm study

A. Babkin, I. Burakova, A. Burakov, D. Kurnosov, E. Galunin, A. Tkachev, I. Ali

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

The present research is dedicated to the problem of adsorption purification of aquatic media from toxic heavy metal ions. To extract some of these species (Cu2+, Zn2+, and Pb2+) from aqueous solutions, a novel material-polyhydroquinone/graphene nanocomposite-was used as adsorbent. Its adsorption/desorption performance was assessed through isotherm studies. The following process parameters were determined: Equilibrium metal concentrations in solution, metal distribution coefficients, percentage desorption, and adjusted metal distribution coefficients. Besides, based on experimental data, adsorption isotherms were constructed, from which it was possible to determine the maximum adsorption capacity of the nanocomposite regarding each heavy metal ion (Pb2+-1350 mg-1; Cu2+-800 mg g-1, and Zn2+-300 mg g-1). In order to elucidate adsorption-desorption mechanisms occurring in the considered adsorbate/adsorbent systems and the process nature, the data were fitted to different isotherm models: Empirical (Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin, and Dubinin-Radushkevich), and combined (single- A nd dual-site Langmuir-Freundlich). All the models provided satisfactory fits to the data, thereby making it possible to assume heterogeneity of adsorption sites on the adsorption surface, and the irreversibility of the adsorption process.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012045
JournalIOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering
Volume693
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Nov 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event3rd International Scientific-Practical Conference on Graphene and Related Structures: Synthesis, Production, and Application, GRS-2019 - Tambov, Russian Federation
Duration: 13 Nov 201915 Nov 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Adsorption of Cu<sup>2+</sup>, Zn<sup>2+</sup>and Pb<sup>2+</sup> ions on a novel graphene-containing nanocomposite: An isotherm study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this