Additive Manufacturing of a Cold-Work Tool Steel using Electron Beam Melting

Carlos Botero, Markus Ramsperger, Aydin Selte, Kenneth Åsvik, Andrey Koptyug, Per Skoglund, Stefan Roos, Lars Erik Rännar, Mikael Bäckström

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Metal additive manufacturing (AM) is on its way to industrialization. One of the most promising techniques within this field, electron beam melting (EBM), is nowadays used mostly for the fabrication of high-performance Ti-based alloy components for the aerospace and medical industry. Among the industrial applications envisioned for the future of EBM, the fabrication of high carbon steels for the tooling industry is of great interest. In this context, the process windows for dense and crack-free specimens for a highly alloyed (Cr–Mo–V) cold-work steel powder are presented in this article. High-solidification rates during EBM processing lead to very fine and homogeneous microstructures. The influence of process parameters on the resulting microstructure and the chemical composition is investigated. In addition, preliminary results show very promising mechanical properties regarding the as-built and heat-treated microstructure of the obtained material.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1900448
JournalSteel Research International
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2020
Externally publishedYes


  • additive manufacturing
  • carbides
  • cold work
  • electron beam melting
  • hardness
  • high-carbon tool steels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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