Activation of gases and dispersed liquids with electric discharge treatment

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The biggest part of hydrocarbons, obtained in process of oil extraction, can not be effectively utilized and they are usually combusted in flames. Great amounts of valuable hydrocarbon raw materials are lost causing damages to environment. Technologies of light hydrocarbon processing are known worldwide, but the problem of low-cost utilization of relatively small amounts of hydrocarbons has not yet been solved. Possible solution can be found using non-catalytic technology, which would allow to treat gases without high-pressure and high temperature conditions, and to provide in-situ utilization of output products, or to transport these products in pipelines. In our work we present the results of studying the influence of pulsed electrical discharge on propane-butane mixture, which is used as a model of broad fraction of hydrocarbons. Model mixture is fed through a system of electrodes. The electrodes are energized with nanosecond voltage pulses with pulse energy up to 0.25 J, and pulse repetition rate up to 1000 Hz. In the interelectrode gap a quasi-volume discharge is formed, causing the formation of hydrocarbon radicals and synthesis of branchy dimers. Resulting liquid hydrocarbons consist basically of paraffin hydrocarbons of isomeric structure the average length of their carbon chain is 6-8 atoms. Since these compounds have very high octane number, fraction that boils away before 180°C (about 90 percent) may be used as an automobile fuel or its components. High-boiling residue possesses very low freezing temperature, and may be used as a valuable component of diesel fuel. Conversion to liquid product is up to 20 percent. Gas phase taken after the reactor contains not only input substances, but also hydrogen, unsaturated hydrocarbons, methane, ethane. When including oxygen or water vapours into the input gas, reaction products contain alcohols and aldehydes, which are the substances with high detonation characteristics and significant washing effect. They are also able to decrease freezing temperature of their mixtures with hydrocarbons. The products of isomerisation and dimerisation of hydrocarbon fuels, both light hydrocarbon gases and benzenes, will allow to effectively reduce combustions rates of fuel mixtures.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - KORUS 2003: 7th Korea-Russia International Symposium on Science and Technology
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages237-240
Number of pages4
Volume1
ISBN (Print)8978686176, 9788978686174
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Event7th Korea-Russia International Symposium on Science and Technology, KORUS 2003 - Ulsan, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 28 Jun 20036 Jul 2003

Other

Other7th Korea-Russia International Symposium on Science and Technology, KORUS 2003
CountryKorea, Republic of
CityUlsan
Period28.6.036.7.03

Fingerprint

Electric discharges
Hydrocarbons
activation
Gases
Chemical activation
Liquids
utilization
raw materials
motor vehicle
damages
Freezing
Temperature
alcohol
Electrodes
energy
water
Technology
Automotive fuels
Light
Gasoline

Keywords

  • Electrodes
  • Fires
  • Fuels
  • Gases
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Liquids
  • Petroleum
  • Pipelines
  • Raw materials
  • Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Pollution
  • Biotechnology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Education

Cite this

Yavorovsky, N., Khaskelberg, M. B., & Tereschenko, V. (2003). Activation of gases and dispersed liquids with electric discharge treatment. In Proceedings - KORUS 2003: 7th Korea-Russia International Symposium on Science and Technology (Vol. 1, pp. 237-240). [1222448] Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc..

Activation of gases and dispersed liquids with electric discharge treatment. / Yavorovsky, N.; Khaskelberg, Mikhail Borisovich; Tereschenko, V.

Proceedings - KORUS 2003: 7th Korea-Russia International Symposium on Science and Technology. Vol. 1 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2003. p. 237-240 1222448.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Yavorovsky, N, Khaskelberg, MB & Tereschenko, V 2003, Activation of gases and dispersed liquids with electric discharge treatment. in Proceedings - KORUS 2003: 7th Korea-Russia International Symposium on Science and Technology. vol. 1, 1222448, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., pp. 237-240, 7th Korea-Russia International Symposium on Science and Technology, KORUS 2003, Ulsan, Korea, Republic of, 28.6.03.
Yavorovsky N, Khaskelberg MB, Tereschenko V. Activation of gases and dispersed liquids with electric discharge treatment. In Proceedings - KORUS 2003: 7th Korea-Russia International Symposium on Science and Technology. Vol. 1. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. 2003. p. 237-240. 1222448
Yavorovsky, N. ; Khaskelberg, Mikhail Borisovich ; Tereschenko, V. / Activation of gases and dispersed liquids with electric discharge treatment. Proceedings - KORUS 2003: 7th Korea-Russia International Symposium on Science and Technology. Vol. 1 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., 2003. pp. 237-240
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N2 - The biggest part of hydrocarbons, obtained in process of oil extraction, can not be effectively utilized and they are usually combusted in flames. Great amounts of valuable hydrocarbon raw materials are lost causing damages to environment. Technologies of light hydrocarbon processing are known worldwide, but the problem of low-cost utilization of relatively small amounts of hydrocarbons has not yet been solved. Possible solution can be found using non-catalytic technology, which would allow to treat gases without high-pressure and high temperature conditions, and to provide in-situ utilization of output products, or to transport these products in pipelines. In our work we present the results of studying the influence of pulsed electrical discharge on propane-butane mixture, which is used as a model of broad fraction of hydrocarbons. Model mixture is fed through a system of electrodes. The electrodes are energized with nanosecond voltage pulses with pulse energy up to 0.25 J, and pulse repetition rate up to 1000 Hz. In the interelectrode gap a quasi-volume discharge is formed, causing the formation of hydrocarbon radicals and synthesis of branchy dimers. Resulting liquid hydrocarbons consist basically of paraffin hydrocarbons of isomeric structure the average length of their carbon chain is 6-8 atoms. Since these compounds have very high octane number, fraction that boils away before 180°C (about 90 percent) may be used as an automobile fuel or its components. High-boiling residue possesses very low freezing temperature, and may be used as a valuable component of diesel fuel. Conversion to liquid product is up to 20 percent. Gas phase taken after the reactor contains not only input substances, but also hydrogen, unsaturated hydrocarbons, methane, ethane. When including oxygen or water vapours into the input gas, reaction products contain alcohols and aldehydes, which are the substances with high detonation characteristics and significant washing effect. They are also able to decrease freezing temperature of their mixtures with hydrocarbons. The products of isomerisation and dimerisation of hydrocarbon fuels, both light hydrocarbon gases and benzenes, will allow to effectively reduce combustions rates of fuel mixtures.

AB - The biggest part of hydrocarbons, obtained in process of oil extraction, can not be effectively utilized and they are usually combusted in flames. Great amounts of valuable hydrocarbon raw materials are lost causing damages to environment. Technologies of light hydrocarbon processing are known worldwide, but the problem of low-cost utilization of relatively small amounts of hydrocarbons has not yet been solved. Possible solution can be found using non-catalytic technology, which would allow to treat gases without high-pressure and high temperature conditions, and to provide in-situ utilization of output products, or to transport these products in pipelines. In our work we present the results of studying the influence of pulsed electrical discharge on propane-butane mixture, which is used as a model of broad fraction of hydrocarbons. Model mixture is fed through a system of electrodes. The electrodes are energized with nanosecond voltage pulses with pulse energy up to 0.25 J, and pulse repetition rate up to 1000 Hz. In the interelectrode gap a quasi-volume discharge is formed, causing the formation of hydrocarbon radicals and synthesis of branchy dimers. Resulting liquid hydrocarbons consist basically of paraffin hydrocarbons of isomeric structure the average length of their carbon chain is 6-8 atoms. Since these compounds have very high octane number, fraction that boils away before 180°C (about 90 percent) may be used as an automobile fuel or its components. High-boiling residue possesses very low freezing temperature, and may be used as a valuable component of diesel fuel. Conversion to liquid product is up to 20 percent. Gas phase taken after the reactor contains not only input substances, but also hydrogen, unsaturated hydrocarbons, methane, ethane. When including oxygen or water vapours into the input gas, reaction products contain alcohols and aldehydes, which are the substances with high detonation characteristics and significant washing effect. They are also able to decrease freezing temperature of their mixtures with hydrocarbons. The products of isomerisation and dimerisation of hydrocarbon fuels, both light hydrocarbon gases and benzenes, will allow to effectively reduce combustions rates of fuel mixtures.

KW - Electrodes

KW - Fires

KW - Fuels

KW - Gases

KW - Hydrocarbons

KW - Liquids

KW - Petroleum

KW - Pipelines

KW - Raw materials

KW - Temperature

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